All posts by Amal Sayegh

U.S. tariffs cast a cloud over Huawei's solar electronics launch

(Reuters) – Huawei Technology Co’s coming U.S. launch of a solar-panel control device is expected to collide with new Trump administration tariffs on Chinese electronics, undermining a product that analysts had seen as challenging rivals on pricing.

FILE PHOTO: People walk past a Huawei sign at CES (Consumer Electronics Show) Asia 2018 in Shanghai, China June 14, 2018. REUTERS/Aly Song/File Photo

The Chinese company, best known for its smart phones and telecommunications equipment, has developed a new generation of low-cost solar inverters, which convert, manage and monitor energy produced by solar panels for home use.

Huawei has said it was aiming to roll out the product, called FusionHome, in the United States before the end of the summer, a year after its original target. Analysts and distributors had expected it to knock $100-$200 off current market prices of similar devices costing between $1,000 and $1,500 per household.

But a coming 25 percent tariff on Chinese electronics that would overturn much of Huawei’s expected price advantage may have stalled talks with U.S. installers and distributors, said analysts and research firms.

Huawei will either have to reduce its margins or raise prices, they said, potentially benefiting rival producers including SolarEdge and Enphase Energy, which are ramping up manufacturing outside China.

Huawei declined to comment on tariffs and did not respond to detailed questions from Reuters on the current status of FusionHome.

Company spokesman Joe Kelly said in July that the company was planning to introduce the new product to its partners in the United States this summer and that the timing of the roll-out would depend on those distributors.

The 25 percent tariff, if implemented, will take effect Aug. 23, and analysts covering the sector say it will affect the new Huawei product.

“It certainly would eat into profits and is just a question on how aggressive Huawei wants to be,” said Cowen & Co analyst Jeffrey Osborne.

Huawei’s foray into the high-margin residential market comes after panel installations fell in 2017 for the first time in seven years. GTM Research recently cut its forecast for 2018 residential solar market installations by 8 percent to 2.2 gigawatts.

Of four major solar panel makers Reuters talked to, only Utah-based Vivint Solar confirmed it was considering adding Huawei’s inverter to its lineup.

SunPower Corp and Tesla’s SolarCity did not respond to Reuters’ requests for comment. A SunRun spokeswoman said the company welcomed new innovations that made solar energy cheaper and more accessible.

“A 25 percent tariff could eat up the margins of cost-competitive Chinese manufacturers and potentially change the player landscape of the U.S. solar inverter market,” said another analyst, Iben Frimann-Dahl from Rystad Energy.

Reporting by John Benny in Bengaluru; Editing by Cynthia Osterman

Want to Live Longer? Scientists Say They've Made 'Exciting' Progress in the Quest to 'Reverse Aging'

A team of scientists at a British university say their latest experiments have revealed “exciting” progress on the road to literally “reverse aging.”

I don’t want to oversell this. The scientists concede that a real life “anti-aging pill” is still far in the future. But, they say they’ve made noteworthy progress, by developing the ability to “revers[e] the aging of human cells,” which in turn, “could provide the basis for future anti-degeneration drugs.”

This kind of research is exactly what Silicon Valley billionaires, including Peter Thiel, Larry Ellison, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, have been chasing with dollars–racing to stop the clock, and live longer, before they themselves grow too old to benefit. But now these British researchers might have beaten everyone else to the punch.

Here’s the science, the experiment, and the suddenly relevant questions about what life on earth would look like if at least some of us could live much longer–maybe even indefinitely.

Turning genes on and off

First, the experiment, and what it means. One theory about how aging works is that over time, we develop a growing number cells that don’t function as they are supposed to, and that also inhibit the correction functioning of other cells around them.

Harries and Whiteman suggest that the reason we generate these “senescent cells” is because our bodies lose the “ability to turn genes on and off at the right time and in the right place,” which thus create cells with incorrect characteristics.

That’s a very esoteric description, so Harries and Whiteman include a really basic analogy: a recipe for chocolate cake. 

Imagine you’re baking a cake, and that your decision whether to include chocolate is the equivalent of “turning on” a gene during cell creation. Add the chocolate, and you wind up with chocolate cake; if you don’t add it, you wind up with some other flavor.

And if you somehow were to lose the ability to decide whether to include chocolate or not, you’d wind up with some random flavored cakes. 

The key: hydrogen sulphide

Okay, so why would our bodies lose the ability to turn genes on and off? Harries and Whiteman suggest that it’s a matter of your body no longer being able to create a series of about 300 proteins called “splicing factors,” which impact that “on/off” decision. 

So, the theory goes, if you could restore the ability to create splicing factors, you could potentially correct the “on/off” gene decisions, which would then reduce the number of senescent cells, and thus counteract the aging process.

That’s exactly what Harries and Whiteman say their experiment did–by “treating old cells with a chemical that releases small amounts of hydrogen sulphide.”

Lo and behold, it worked: “We were able to increase levels of some splicing factors, and to rejuvenate old human cells.”

Granted, this is very tricky and in the early stages. Hydrogen sulphide is a naturally occurring substance in the body, but large amounts can be toxic. So the researchers focused on ways to deliver it in very small doses directly where they think it would do the most good.

“We are hopeful that in using molecular tools such as this,” they write, “we will be able to eventually remove senescent cells in living people, which may allow us to target multiple age-related diseases at once. This is some way in the future yet, but it’s an exciting start.”

But will Sergey Brin live forever?

Again, this all amounts to “exciting” progress, but it’s really Step One. There’s a real question whether any of this science, with experiment building upon experiment, will achieve results in time for anyone currently reading this article to benefit from it.

At Google, the head of the company’s anti-aging research writes that he thinks we “probably won’t solve death in time to make Google co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin immortal.”

But if we could ever pull this off, can you imagine the way it would change our society? I’m reminded of two quotes:

  • “Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life.” –Steve Jobs
  • “Millions long for immortality who don’t know what to do with themselves on a rainy Sunday afternoon.”–Susan Ertz​

And that goes to why the people pushing for answers here hardest are individual, highly successful entrepreneurs with money to burn and a fear of death. Perhaps that’s the story for all of us, billionaires and mere mortals alike. We’re quite possibly the last generations to live, who believe it’s inevitable that we will one day die.

How to Master the Art of Giving a Great Virtual Presentation

For online presentations, the first step is to get everyone on video (sometimes you have to insist). No more audio-only calls where all your audience members are just secretly multi-tasking. You can’t make an engaging presentation with slides and their disembodied voice. Get your face on video so people can see you and ideally you can see your audience too. This allows you to really connect with your audience, and see how they are reacting to you.

Also for online presentations, consider your environment. Spotty wifi with an unprofessional background and a poorly-lit face kills your presentation. I literally interviewed a candidate who had pile of dirty laundry behind him – not the best first impression. Zoom works great on wifi right down to 3G, but if you’re giving a big presentation, your best bet is hardwiring in. Then, make sure you are in a quiet space with no distractions. Clean up your background – just use a plain wall, or a nice plant – or try Zoom’s virtual backgrounds (sorry, shameless plug). Consider your lighting. Get there a couple minutes early to make sure it’s not too much or too little lighting. And check that you are lit from the front, not from behind you (i.e. don’t sit with your back to a window). It is distracting when cameras are too high or low or are angled so we’re only seeing part of someone’s face. Check that you are looking straight at the camera and your video feed is framing the upper part of your torso and your head – you want it to look as if you were sitting across the table from your audience.

And for both online and in-person presentations, you have to engage your audience. Don’t droning on for a long time, doing too many text-rich slides, and not matching your abstract to your presentation (this is actually a big one – people want to know what they’re getting in to). Instead, stop regularly to tell a (quick!) story, ask a question, take a straw poll, tell a joke, give your audience a small task, and so forth. Just keep them awake and interested! Also, you need adjust your presentation to your audience’s response. I have multiple large screens in my office so I can see all the participants in my meeting or presentation all at once and read their body language and facial expressions. If I see attention waning or some disagreement, I will switch things up.

Finally, a quick technical recommendation for online presentations. If you’re using Zoom, when setting up your meeting, select the “Mute upon entry” option. This makes sure that your participants join with their sound off, so you don’t get background noise that can disrupt the flow of your presentation.

This question originally appeared on Quora – the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+. More questions:

Ford Motor Is A Single-Digit Stock: What Should Investors Do Now?

Ford Motor‘s (F) have fallen below the $10 price level this week on fears over an escalating trade war between the United States and China and higher expected commodity costs. Though Ford Motor faces some headwinds over the short haul in terms of costs, investors have turned too bearish on U.S. auto companies, in my opinion. Ford Motor makes a promising value proposition below $10 as shares are dirt-cheap and ripe for a rebound. While waiting for the storm to pass, investors get to collect a healthy 6.3 percent dividend.

Disappointing Performance And New 52-Week Low

Ford Motor hasn’t exactly been a winning investment in 2018. Year-to-date, the auto company’s share price slumped 23.4 percent. This week’s sell-off also caused Ford’s share price to fall to a new 52-week low @$9.42.

[Note that according to the Relative Strength Index, Ford Motor is now widely oversold again.]

Source: StockCharts

Why Are Investors Spooked?

One word: Tariffs.

The tariff tit-for-tat between the United States and China already drags on for months but went into another round earlier in August when both countries imposed new tariffs on each other yet again. First, the United States slapped an additional 25 percent tariff on $16 billion worth of Chinese imports. China then immediately reacted, imposing a 25 percent tariff on $16 billion of U.S. goods including fuel, steel products, automobiles and medical equipment.

The big fear here is that both countries will continue to escalate the tariff stand-off. Put simply: Investors are currently pricing in a worst-case trade scenario that will lead to billions of dollars in trade lost over protectionist political stances. Auto companies, including General Motors (GM) and Ford Motor have already warned about rising commodity and steel costs, which is expected to negatively affect profitability over the short haul.

That being said, though, I expect the U.S. and China to ultimately resolve their trade dispute at the negotiating table as both countries benefit from increased trade and collaboration over the long haul.

Reduced Adj. EPS-Guidance Weighing On Investor Sentiment In The Short Run

Ford Motor, for instance, adjusted its earnings guidance for 2018, partly due to rising commodity costs. Ford Motor now expects to pull in $1.30-$1.50/share in adjusted earnings per share in 2018, which compares against a previous earnings guidance of $1.45-$1.70/share. The guidance midpoint now sits at $1.40, which is ~11 percent lower than the previous midpoint ($1.58/share).

Source: Ford Motor Investor Presentation

Ford Motor isn’t the only auto company that has reduced its profit outlook, though. General Motors cut its earnings forecast, too, and so did Fiat Chrysler (NYSE:FCAU).

Ford Motor Is In The Bargain Bin

Ford Motor’s shares are dirt-cheap, and sell for less than seven times next year’s estimated profits. I think investors have turned too bearish on Ford Motor too fast, which in turn opens up a buying window for income investors with a contrarian bent.

Chart

F data by YCharts

Still An Attractive Yield Play

Ford Motor is, first and foremost, a dividend play, which is worth reminding investors of once in a while. Shares throw off a $0.15/share quarterly dividend, and Ford Motor has paid special dividends in the past as well. An investment in F at today’s price point yields 6.3 percent.

Chart

F Dividend data by YCharts

Your Takeaway

Though Ford Motor’s share price could certainly drop further over the short haul, shares are already widely oversold, and ripe for a rebound. Hence, I see the drop below $10 as a buying opportunity, but only for those investors that have a higher-than-average risk tolerance and an investment horizon of more than one year. Though the tariff standoff between the U.S. and China makes for some interesting news, the conflict will ultimately be resolved at the negotiating table. For now, investors may want to ignore the noise. Speculative Buy for income and capital appreciation.

If you like to read more of my articles, and like to be kept up to date with the companies I cover, I kindly ask you that you scroll to the top of this page and click ‘follow‘. I am largely investing in dividend paying stocks, but also venture out occasionally and cover special situations that offer appealing reward-to-risk ratios and have potential for significant capital appreciation. Above all, my immediate investment goal is to achieve financial independence.

Disclosure: I am/we are long F, GM.

I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

Tesla forms three-member panel to decide on any Musk deal

(Reuters) – Tesla Inc’s board (TSLA.O) named a special committee of three directors on Tuesday to negotiate with Elon Musk on taking the electric carmaker private, although it said it was yet to see a firm offer from the company’s chief executive.

Musk said on Monday he had held talks with a Saudi sovereign fund on a buyout that would take Tesla off the Nasdaq exchange – an extraordinary move for what is now the United States’ most valuable automaker, worth more than $60 billion.

The committee, made up of Tesla independent directors Brad Buss, Robyn Denholm and Linda Johnson Rice, will wade into a deal that has puzzled Wall Street since a surprise announcement

by Musk on Twitter last week.

Musk then proposed taking the company private at $420 a share – versus the current $354 – and said funding had been “secured”.

He has given more details – including saying he is working with Goldman Sachs and buyout firm Silver Lake – but is yet to convince Wall Street analysts and investors that he can find the billions needed to complete the deal.

Corporate governance and shareholder voting advisor Institutional Shareholder Services has said it does not consider Buss to be an independent director, running counter to Tesla’s view, due to his connections to a solar panel business the company bought two years ago.

Buss was chief financial officer of solar panel installer SolarCity for two years before retiring when Tesla paid $2.6 billion for the sales and installation firm in 2016.

The purchase was Tesla’s last big deal and was criticized by some on Wall Street because the company, founded by two of Musk’s cousins, had seen its business shrink before the takeover.

FILE PHOTO: A Tesla sales and service center is shown in Costa Mesa, California, U.S., June 28, 2018. REUTERS/Mike Blake/File Photo

Denholm, the first woman to join Tesla’s board, is chief operations officer of telecom firm Telstra and the ex-CFO of network gear maker Juniper Networks (JNPR.N). Rice, the first African-American and second woman to join the company’s board, is the chairman of Johnson Publishing Co, home to Ebony and Jet magazines.

Tesla’s other board members include Musk, his brother Kimbal Musk, Twenty-First Century Fox’s CEO James Murdoch, Antonio Gracias, founder of Valor Equity Partners and Ira Ehrenpreis, founder of venture capital firm DBL Partners.

One more director, Steve Jurvetson, is currently on leave of absence following allegations of sexual harassment.

Tesla’s board disclosed on Aug. 8 that Musk had held talks with the directors in the previous week on taking the company private.

The company said in the statement that the special committee has the authority to take any action on behalf of the board to evaluate and negotiate a potential transaction and alternatives to any transaction proposed by Musk.

Latham and Watkins LLP has been retained by the committee as its legal counsel. Wilson Sonsini Goodrich and Rosati will be legal counsel for Tesla itself.

Shares in Tesla inched down 0.2 percent in early trading and have now fallen more than 8 percent from highs hit following Musk’s tweet last week.

Writing by Patrick Graham, editing by Bernard Orr

A look at Tesla's nine-member board

(Reuters) – Tesla Inc’s (TSLA.O) board has named a special committee of three directors to negotiate with Chief Executive Elon Musk on taking the electric car maker private, although it said it was yet to see a firm offer from him.

The committee, made up of Tesla directors Brad Buss, Robyn Denholm and Linda Johnson Rice, will wade into a deal that has puzzled Wall Street since a surprise announcement by Musk on Twitter last week.

The following is a snapshot of the nine members on Tesla’s board.

Member Background

Member since

Elon Musk 2004 Tesla’s Chief Executive Officer and

co-founder. Owns a roughly 20 percent

stake in Tesla. Also serves as CEO of

SpaceX.

Brad Buss 2009 Served as chief financial officer of

solar panel installer SolarCity for

two years before retiring in 2016.

Tesla bought SolarCity that year. Buss

was also CFO of Cypress Semiconductor.

Ira 2007 Founder and managing partner of

Ehrenpreis venture capital firm DBL Partners,

which is an investor in Tesla,

according to its website. Ehrenpreis

bagged the first Model 3 car, having

been the first to put down a deposit,

but later gifted it to Musk.

Antonio 2007 Lead independent director at Tesla

Gracias since 2010. Founder and chief

executive officer of Valor Equity

Partners. In May this year,

influential proxy adviser ISS

recommended that investors vote

against his election to the board and

called him a non-independent director.

Robyn 2014 The first woman to join Tesla’s board,

Denholm Denholm is chief operations officer of

telecom firm Telstra and the ex-CFO of

network gear maker Juniper Networks

(JNPR.N).

James 2017 The CEO of Twenty-First Century Fox

Murdoch (FOXA.O) and chairman of Sky Plc

(SKYB.L). ISS in May recommended that

investors vote against his election to

the board as he is “overboarded” –

serving on several other boards. ISS

also called him a non-independent

director, despite Tesla considering

him an independent member.

Steve 2009 Co-founder of Silicon Valley venture

Jurvetson capital firm Draper Fisher Jurvetson.

He resigned from DFJ in November 2017,

following allegations of sexual

harassment against him. He is on a

leave of absence from Tesla’s board

since then.

Kimbal 2004 Elon Musk’s brother and co-founder of

Musk restaurant chain The Kitchen. Kimbal,

according to media reports, has been

criticized for his lack of experience

in the auto industry, as well as his

role as an independent director at

burrito chain Chipotle (CMG.N), which

has faced major health and food safety

issues.

Linda Rice 2017 First African-American and second

woman to join Tesla’s board. Current

chairman of Johnson Publishing Co,

home to Ebony and Jet magazines.

Reporting by Vibhuti Sharma and Arjun Panchadar in Bengaluru; Editing by Sai Sachin Ravikumar

A Tweet About Hacking During Defcon Gets a Google Engineer in Trouble

Matt Linton, a senior software engineer at Google, says he was asked to leave Caesars Palace hotel in Las Vegas Thursday night after a tweet about hacking was reported to the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department. The police have confirmed that Linton is not considered a threat, but until Friday afternoon the engineer said he was not let back into Caesars, which is hosting Defcon, the annual conference that attracts thousands of security researchers, academics, lawyers, and hackers.1 The incident highlights the high level of security precautions being taken in the city less than a year after a mass shooting at the nearby Mandalay Bay Hotel, when a gunman killed 58 people and injured hundreds of others.

Linton sent the tweet on Wednesday night in response to another user’s thread about the Defcon Wi-Fi network, which is notorious for being insecure due to the number of hackers who attend the conference. The original tweet argued that the network might be more secure than people think, since so many users are on it simultaneously. In other words, there are so many possible victims that it’s easy to hide in a crowd. Linton responded that it might be more fruitful, theoretically, to “attack” the wealthy attendees of BlackHat, a more commercial cybersecurity conference that takes place right before Defcon. Linton was a speaker at BlackHat this year.

The short conversation was about the many ways a person’s device might be compromised during the biggest week of the year for hackers. But at the time, Linton was replying to a protected account, meaning people could not view the original tweet if they didn’t already follow that user on Twitter. (The user made their tweets public on Friday.) For most people, Linton’s tweet—which began “If I had the time, budget, and motive to launch really good attacks in Vegas, I would…”—would appear without any other context.

“We saw the comment on social media, it was brought to our attention by the private sector. We have a lot of concerns when someone uses the word attack,” says Jim Seebock, a captain at the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department.

Linton says the police got his contact information from Caesars, and then reached him on his cellphone.

“LVPD interviewed me and I believe I had cleared it up with them satisfactorily when they liked and retweeted my second clarification tweet about how ‘attack’ means ‘hack a cell phone’ when you’re at Defcon,” Linton said in a Twitter direct message. (As of Friday afternoon, the police department’s official twitter account did not appear to have liked or retweeted Linton’s messages.)

Seebock confirmed that Linton has since been cleared as a threat, and the engineer is facing no charges. But when Linton returned to his hotel room around midnight Thursday, he discovered that he could not use his keycard to access it. He says he was then asked to leave the hotel, and that he was still charged half the price he paid for his room Thursday night. Caesars did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

“I’m not upset that people were threat-modeling after Mandalay and obviously I realize I chose the wrong verbs in my tweet and that’s on me,” Linton says. “I’m just sad and disappointed that the wind-up machine, which gets set in motion when a ‘threat’ is detected, has no mechanism for unwinding it with new information and clarification being available to show that there was no threat intended at all.”

Several other Defcon attendees publicly asked Caesars to allow Linton to return to the conference. Linton confirmed in a Twitter direct message that Caesars let him back into the building at around 3:30 PM local time. The engineer, who says he has been a volunteer EMT for decades, worries that the incident might impact his record with law enforcement in a way he might not be able to track or understand.

Other Defcon goers are reporting increased security measures at the conference this year. Kim Zetter, a freelance cybersecurity journalist who previously worked for WIRED, tweeted that her hotel room was searched by security guards after she declined maid service.

This also isn’t the first time that Defcon attendees have had run-ins with law enforcement. Last year, authorities arrested Marcus Hutchins, a hacker credited with stopping the notorious WannaCry ransomware attack, as he tried to board a flight home to the United Kingdom. The Department of Justice subsequently unsealed an indictment against Hutchins, alleging he created banking malware. The hacker, who is still in the US, is now trying to have those charges, as well as additional ones piled on, dropped by a US federal district court in Wisconsin.

Unlike Hutchins, Linton has not been charged with any crime. The incident this week appears instead to illustrate how hacker lingo can be easily misinterpreted, especially if you’re trying to protect a city in the wake of a tragedy.

1 Updated 8/10/18, 7:44 PM EDT: Shortly after this article was published, Linton was allowed back into Caesars. We have updated the story accordingly.


More Great WIRED Stories

At DefCon, the Biggest Election Threat Is Lack of Funding

Now in its second year, the Voting Machine Hacking Village at the DefCon security conference in Las Vegas features a new set of voting machines—all of which will actually be used in the 2018 midterm elections—for attendees to analyze and attack. But as eager attendees get to work familiarizing themselves with the devices and revealing their weaknesses, another call has emerged from the Village as well: Finding bugs is great. But you also need the money to fix them.

Election officials can’t act on findings about voting machine and voting infrastructure vulnerabilities, DefCon speakers noted on Friday, if they don’t have the money to replace obsolete equipment, invest in network improvements, launch post-election audit programs, and hire cybersecurity staff. Some progress has come, but not enough, and too slowly.

“While I thank the United States Congress for appropriating $340 million last month, let me be abundantly clear, we need more resources,” said Alex Padilla, the secretary of state of California and the state’s top election official. “All the things that we know we have to do, all the things that I’m going to learn and observe when I go down to the Village after this panel, to implement and act on all of these findings, recommendations, and discoveries we need official resources.”

After all, it took nearly two decades for Congress to appropriate that recent election security windfall; it came from the 2002 Help America Vote Act. “That’s butterfly ballot hanging chad money, not cyberthreats 2016, 2018, 2020 money,” Padilla says. In recent months, Congress has failed to pass various bills that would fund election security and infrastructure improvements ahead of the midterms. And though the bipartisan Secure Elections Act has been steadily gaining momentum in the Senate—and was introduced through a companion bill in the House on Friday—it is likely still months away from potentially becoming law.

After months of silence on the topic, the Trump Administration said at the end of July that it would “continue to provide the support necessary to the owners of elections systems—state and local governments—to secure their elections.” Department of Homeland Security top cybersecurity official Jeanette Manfra echoed that sentiment at DefCon on Friday, noting that election officials “do a lot with not a lot of resources, and now they’re on the front lines trying to deal with a lot of these issues. They can’t do it alone.”

Jake Braun, a co-organizer of the Voting Village and a former White House and public liaison for DHS, pointed out on Friday that even a project like the DefCon research workshop is costly and would be out of reach for many organizations. “This is a volunteer operation,” he said. “None of us make a dime off of this; we actually lose money.”

The findings that come out of the Voting Village this weekend, and those from researchers more broadly, continue to provide crucial information, as security advocates work to raise the bar of voting machine defense around the US and shape guidelines for vendors. But knowledge can only go so far without the resources required to act on it.

“Most election officials have one or two people in their office,” says Noah Praetz, the director of elections for Cook County, Illinois, who also attended the Voting Village last year. “They outsource most of the work they do, and it’s really difficult” to keep up with the constant stream of election system-related vulnerability advisories.

Voting infrastructure desperately needs vetting from hackers. But now that that idea has more widespread support, the next item on the punch list is funding.


More Great WIRED Stories

Microsoft Demands Violent Threats Be Removed from Gab.ai. Neo-Nazi Complies

Microsoft took one of its few actions to restrict unsafe speech by demanding the microblogging service Gab.ai removed two posts by a neo-Nazi that threatened violence. Gab is known for an expansive, some say extreme attitude towards permitting all forms of speech without moderation.

Gab relies on Microsoft Azure, a popular cloud service offering, to provide the servers and networking behind the service. Microsoft told Gab that it received complaints about “malicious activity” related to two messages posted by Patrick Little, an avowed neo-Nazi, that advocated directly for violence against Jews. Microsoft gave the company two days to remove them or risk suspension.

Little removed the posts himself, noting that it was “a violation of our rights as Americans,” and concluding, “we will have no rights until the jews [sic] are expelled.”

A Microsoft spokesperson said in a statement elaborating on its move, “Microsoft received a complaint about specific posts on Gab.ai that advocate ‘ritual death by torture’ and the ‘complete eradication’ of all Jews. After an initial review, we have concluded that this content incites violence, is not protected by the First Amendment, and violates Microsoft Azure’s acceptable use policy.”

Microsoft said it would extend the two-day period if Gab chose to migrate elsewhere. That appears to be alleviated with the removal of the posts, and the company didn’t elaborate on what might occur if a similar violation occurred in the future. Facebook has an explicit three strikes within 90 days policy for hosted videos, while Twitter can opt to freeze an account until tweets are removed. But Azure isn’t a social network.

In the past, Gab has set some bright lines, banning Andrew Auernheimer, known as “weev,” notorious as both an ostensible troll and griefer, allegedly harassing people online for the joy of it, and in recent years as an apparently non-ironic adopter of neo-Nazi sensibilities. Gab suspended Auernheimer for threats and terrorism.

On the other hand, Andrew Anglin, the operator of Daily Stormer,an online publication aimed at neo-Nazis, maintains his account at Gab. His pinned tweet at the top of his account profile reads, “When you’re ready to start shoving Jews onto a train, remember that name!”

Were Gab suspended from Azure, it might have trouble finding a new home: Google had already blocked the service’s app from its Play store, and its one-time domain registrar booted it last September. (The company sue Google, alleged it blocked the app for antitrust reasons, but withdrew the suit shortly afterwards. It said it found a new registrar.)

In the wake of Alex Jones and his InfoWars conspiracy-based empire being banned and restricted by Apple, Facebook, MailChimp, Pinterest, Spotify, and YouTube, it’s unclear whether a service with a history of controversy could find a new cloud host.

Gab does, however, rely on Cloudflare, which provides a front-end resistance against distributed denial of service (DDoS) and other attacks that can disable a site or access to it. Cloudflare doesn’t technically host content, but acts as a firebreak in relaying content from a site to web browsers.

Google Leak Exposes Massive, Expensive Pixel 3

Much like Samsung leaking the Galaxy Note 9, Google has done a similarly impressive job ‘accidentally’ revealing its Pixel 3 and Pixel 3 XL details on multiple occasions. Those leaks primarily delivered good news, until now… 

Picked up both on Reddit and by the consistently reliable WinFuture, GeekBench scores have been uncovered for the Pixel 3XL (codename ‘Crosshatch’). The breakdown reveals predictable aspects such as the phone running Android P and using a Qualcomm 845 chipset at its heart. But it also shows Google is going to deliver the new Pixel range with just 4GB of RAM, and this problematic for several reasons.

Pixel 3 XL ConceptConcept Creator

The obvious point to make is rivals have moved on. OnePlus leads the way with the excellent (midrange-priced) OnePlus 6 coming in 6GB and 8GB variants, while even 4GB-holdout Samsung moved up to 6GB back in 2017 with the Galaxy Note 8. For Google’s flagship device, this simply isn’t at the races from a specifications perspective – especially at the high asking price,

But more importantly, 4GB of RAM also isn’t at the races from a real-world performance perspective, as it coincides with multiple reports of Pixel 2 and Pixel 2 XL performance problems as they age.

Triggered by a series of tweets from Android Police founder Artem Russakovskii, and expanded upon by popular YouTuber MKBHD (video below), the issues are very real and I’ve seen it on both my Pixel 2 running Android O and my Pixel 2 XL running Android P beta. Memory management has begun to struggle – particularly on devices 8-10 months old – and this hasn’t happened to similarly aged rivals like the OnePlus 5T carrying more RAM.

As such 4GB makes the Pixel 3 and Pixel 3 XL a tough sell in late 2018. Especially when we already know both phones won’t have dual cameras which, while arguably unnecessary, are a major selling point with consumers.

The Pixel 3 and Pixel 3 XL represent Google’s third generation of premium smartphones and it was the third generation for Apple (iPhone 3GS) and Samsung (Galaxy S3) which saw their ranges take-off. Consequently, as brilliant as Google’s Pixel software optimisation might be, from a hardware perspective the company risks blowing it just as iPhones become cheaper and Samsung gets its groove back

___

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Windows 10 Leak Exposes Microsoft's New Monthly Charge

Ever since its creation, Microsoft has described Windows 10 “as a service”. The fear has always been that this meant Microsoft would start charging users a monthly fee to maintain the operating system, and now a new leak has confirmed this is exactly what will happen… 

In a new report, CNet’s well connected Microsoft specialist Mary Jo Foley reports the company will soon launch ‘Microsoft Managed Desktop’ which will charge a monthly fee to configure computers running Windows 10 and keep them running smoothly as new updates are released.

Windows 10 might not be free forever…Microsoft

Foley also notes “Microsoft already has a number of the pieces in place to make this happen” such as a Windows Autopilot automatic device provisioning service, device financing programs like Surface Plus and a ‘Surface as a Service’ leasing program. Microsoft also has a subscription bundle including Windows 10 and Office 365 called Microsoft 365 and Windows 10 Enterprise subscription plans.  

Furthermore, Foley states “One of my contacts said that Bill Karagounis – former Director of the Windows Insider Program & OS Fundamentals team, who last year joined the Enterprise Mobility and Management part of Windows and Devices – is in charge of the coming Microsoft Managed Desktop.”

With Microsoft also publicly hiring for this new division, managed subscriptions for Windows 10 appear to have the green light.

Windows 7 and Windows 8 who did not upgrade are likely to feel vindicatedGordon Kelly

So what’s the good news? At this time, Foley believes Microsoft Managed Desktop will be targeted at businesses. But the obvious question, given the clear direction Microsoft is moving becomes: for how long?

Foley did ask Microsoft to go on the record about Microsoft Managed Desktop, but the company declined to comment.

All of which means those users who chose to stay on Windows 7 and Windows 8 are probably feeling pretty smug right now. As for everyone who upgraded for ‘free’ to Windows 10, the nagging question must be: will it prove too good to be true?

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Nuclear Operators Scramble To Make Reactors Flexible Enough For New Energy Economy

Could the nation’s largest nuclear power plant be repurposed as the nation’s first nuclear desalination plant?  (Photo by Jeff Topping/Getty Images)

Arizona Public Service is studying the possibility of using excess energy from its Palo Verde Nuclear Power Plant, when solar energy is flooding the grid, to desalinate brackish water.

In Illinois, Exelon is looking at repurposing a reactor to produce hydrogen when there’s plenty of wind energy on the grid, then using the hydrogen for steelmaking, ammonia production or fuel-cell vehicles.

Across the country, nuclear operators are trying to figure out whether they can ramp down their reactors, which are optimized to run at maximum capacity, during those hours or seasons when renewable energy is abundant.

“What I want you to walk away with today is that nuclear power plants are flexible, and they are able to integrate with the grid to support some of the increasing grid variability,” said Sherry Bernhoft of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI).

“Flexible operations are being implemented right now at some plants and there are impacts, but they are being safely managed.”

The Arizona and Illinois examples are case studies undertaken by the utilities, EPRI, and the Department of Energy to repurpose nuclear energy when it’s not needed for electricity production.

Reactors could provide electricity or heat for industry, for hydrogen production or water production or for chemical processes, said Shannon Bragg-Sitton of Idaho National Laboratory.

“We are looking at other ways in which we can generate energy system flexibility such that our nuclear plants can continue to provide the reliable baseload services that they do right now to the grid and maintain really strong economic performance by providing electricity and or heat to other applications,” Bragg-Sitton said.

German officials recently boasted of achieving 100 percent renewables penetration on their grid, saying flexibility made it possible. Germany contends that flexibility renders obsolete the concepts of baseload and peak, and it has decided to close all its nuclear plants by 2022.

But the United States continues to seek ways to keep alive its aging fleet of reactors. Bernhoft and Bragg-Sitton revealed some of those ways during a webinar last month hosted by the Clean Energy Solutions Center. It included a economic analysis and an update from Canada, which is focused on coupling small modular reactors with hydrogen production. Watch the full webinar here:

New Lawsuit Could Solve America's Green Card Shortage

Immigrants wave American flags at a naturalization ceremony on July 25, 2018, in Los Angeles. A new lawsuit could make it easier for legal immigrants by not counting their spouses and children toward the “EB-5” (and possibly other) annual immigration limits. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)

It can take forever to get a green card. The National Foundation for American Policy estimates wait times for permanent residence in some family and employment categories can range from decades to beyond the lifetime of a normal human being. What if a new lawsuit changed that?

On July 25, 2018, the firm of Kurzban Kurzban Weinger Tetzeli and Pratt P.A. filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia (Feng Wang, et al. v. Michael R. Pompeo) that challenges the way the federal government counts spouses and children when calculating the annual limit for the EB-5 (employment-based fifth preference) immigration category. David Bier at the Cato Institute, who I’ve worked with on several numerical analyses, estimates if the lawsuit is successful it would significantly reduce wait times for many immigrants.

I interviewed Ira Kurzban, a well-respected immigration lawyer and author of Kurzban’s Immigration Law Sourcebook, to learn more about the lawsuit and its potential impact on the lives of many people.

Stuart Anderson: Why did you file the lawsuit?

Ira Kurzban: The purpose of the lawsuit is to challenge the method by which the Department of State allocates visas under the EB-5 program. At present, the Department of State counts an investor and each family member (spouse and children) when issuing visas. This means that for a family of four each time an investor is granted a visa each family member is also allocated a visa, thus reducing the 10,000 quota by four instead of one.

As a result of this policy, backlogs have been created that have resulted in the separation of families because children of investors have to wait years to receive visas and become ineligible when they reach 21 and age-out of the process. In addition, the waiting time for someone from China, who invests $1 million or $500,000 in the U.S. and creates 10 jobs for U.S. workers, is now 10 to 15 years before he or she can obtain a visa. Under these circumstances, the entire EB-5 program is jeopardized. After all, who would invest those amounts of money to wait 10 or 15 years before they can enter the U.S. and with the certainty that their children will turn 21 and lose the right to immigrate with them?

Anderson: Based on a reading of your motion for preliminary injunction, is it fair to say the primary target of the lawsuit is the State Department’s “counting policy”?

Kurzban: Yes. We believe the policy is contrary to the EB-5 statute, which authorizes 10,000 visas to create 100,000 jobs for U.S. workers. Under the current counting policy less than 3,500 visas are actually allocated to investors.

Anderson: What in the legislative history gives you hope the lawsuit will prevail?

Kurzban: The legislative history is quite clear that in 1990 Congress passed the immigrant investor statute to secure 10,000 visas for foreign investors who would create 100,000 jobs. Statements in both the House and the Senate reflect this view.

Anderson: What other legal arguments are you making?

Kurzban: We believe the counting policy was contrary to the statute (“ultra vires”), violated the notice and comment provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act because they did not publish this policy and give the public an opportunity to comment on it, and is arbitrary and capricious because it undermines the very purpose of the statute, which is to bring a substantial amount of money into the U.S. and create jobs for U.S. workers. By reducing the actual number of investors and creating backlogs that go on for years, the Department of State’s counting policy undermines the very purpose of EB-5.

Anderson: Do you you think the case and arguments you are making in the case about not counting spouses and children would apply to the other categories within the employment-based preferences (EB-1, EB-2, EB-3)?

Kurzban: Our case focuses solely on EB-5 because we believe the statute and legislative history clearly demonstrate the Department’s policy is in error. However, if we are successful it would be a powerful precedent to challenge the counting policy in the other employment-based categories, including EB-1, EB-2 and EB-3.

Anderson: What about the family preferences?

Kurzban: The situation is the same for family preferences. The current method of counting spouses and children of primary applicants and applying their applications to the overall worldwide quota means that fewer families are able to immigrate to the U.S. It undermines the basic principles of family reunification at the heart of the Immigration and Nationality Act. If a challenge was successful, it would also be a solution to the current refusal of the Republican majority to allocate more visas in the employment and family-based categories. If visas were counted as intended and family members were not counted in the worldwide quota many more visas would be available without creating additional visas.

Anderson: Given that the Immigration Act of 1990 was written almost 30 years ago, why do you think this is the right time to challenge the executive branch’s interpretation of the law?

Kurzban: For 30 years there has never been a legal basis to the Department of State’s counting policy. In fact, the policy itself is not enshrined in law but is simply a notation in the Foreign Affairs Manual. It has never had the force of law. In addition, the negative consequences of this policy only recently became known when the Chinese investors were hit by the backlog in May 2015.

Anderson: If your lawsuit is successful, how do you think it would affect the lives of families waiting to receive permanent residence and become immigrants to America?

Kurzban: If we win the lawsuit, children will be able to live in America with their parents. It will revive the EB-5 industry that due to the backlog is facing financial collapse and it may require the Department of State to reevaluate its counting policy across all business and family visas. It will change the lives of tens of thousands of families now and in the future.

The Sharing Economy Spells Doom – Or Boom – For The Senior Housing Industry

Will aging-by-app in today’s on-demand economy be an opportunity or disruption to the senior housing industry?Shutterstock

Demography is destiny. Or at least that is the investment thesis for the senior housing industry. The fast expansion of the assisted living sector, in particular, is based on the overwhelming reality that for the next several decades the number of older adults will see explosive growth across the United States. The graying of today’s Silent Generation (those born from the mid-1920s to 1940s) and the coming wave of aging Baby Boomers make for some very promising spreadsheets and graphs.

While I am a fellow believer that demography is destiny, context also matters. As I argue in my book, The Longevity Economy, the context of aging tomorrow will be far different from when the concept of assisted living and senior housing generally was originally developed. The evolution of today’s and tomorrow’s innovative technologies and services are set to profoundly change the context of aging, our expectations for life in our advanced years and where we choose to age.

Survey data reported by AARP suggests that nearly 90% of older adults want to age-in-place or, put simply, stay in their own home through retirement. That desire may be more feasible than ever with new technologies combined with rapidly evolving and innovative services in the home.

Smart devices falling under the label of the Internet of Things are enabling remote health and safety monitoring at home. From everyday kitchen appliances such as the smart refrigerator to the increasingly ubiquitous presence of smart speakers (did you hear your name, Alexa?) to even smart toilets, these new technologies not only support older adults living in their own homes, they provide a degree of reassurance to worried and often guilt-ridden adult children providing care at a distance.

Technology is also enabling entirely new services and lifestyles to support older adults living at home and often alone – lifestyles typically enjoyed by far younger generations. You know them. The Millennials. Everything has to be convenient. They don’t own, they rent. They don’t drive, they ride share. Their laundry is picked up and delivered. They don’t even do their own errands or fix things around the home – they have an app that calls Alfreds, Rabbits and other people to do all of that. Heck, they don’t even go to the grocery store – they have their food prepared in a kit, delivered and ready to eat. An entire assisted life at the tap of a finger. But these younger and middle-aged adults are not just convenience-crazed consumers living by app. They are also tomorrow’s caregivers and key influencers of aging parents.

The combination of the desire of older consumers to stay home and new technologies and services that help make that possible should give the investment community and senior housing industry pause about the power of demographics alone to drive senior housing growth.

The sharing economy might provide a cost-effective virtual assisted living supporting both older adults and families.Shutterstock

Consider a study conducted by my colleagues at the MIT AgeLab. The team explored the possible costs of aging at home with the support of the sharing economy. Although the exploratory study was limited to the Boston area, the results are eye-opening.

Generally speaking, utilizing services (household errands, homecare, transportation, meal preparation, etc.) to stay in one’s own home via the sharing economy cost less than the average monthly cost of assisted living – even as the need for services increases with diminishing physical capability.

Does the emergence of new technology and home services on-demand spell doom for assisted living? One scenario might suggest yes.

If older people are able to stay in their homes longer, even for a few months, the demographic projections driving assisted living inventories (and future revenues) might turn out to be overly optimistic. What’s more, home technologies and services may move the average age of entry into senior living from today’s early 80s well into the mid-80s and beyond, when adults are more likely to be frail and require more complex and costly care not currently integrated (or priced) into most assisted living centers.

But wait – there is another scenario. Could these new technologies and services be the foundations of a new senior housing boom?

For all the promise of home technologies and the sharing economy to provide support to older adults aging-in-place at home, there is still a great deal of coordination required. The older adult or adult child (typically the oldest adult daughter) has to be an informed and smart buyer. Which technology do I buy? How to introduce it into the home? Who maintains it? Who do I call when there is a glitch?

Choosing between a wide range of home technologies & sharing economy services will require a new industry of advice & integration to support older adults and family caregivers.Shutterstock

Likewise, the sharing economy may be as easy as a click on the smartphone, but complex considerations remain. Which service do you choose? Who do you trust to go into your elderly mother’s home when she is there alone? How do you coordinate a multitude of services?

There is clearly a role for a systems integrator of trusted technologies and services to serve both the older adult and the adult child. Senior housing today is primarily a real estate investment paired with highly skilled operators and caregivers providing care. What if the senior housing industry became a trusted provider of services not wedded to any one place, facility or parcel of land?

Rather than waiting to be needed or discovered, senior housing properties could become centers of services enabling aging in place in the home, forming a virtual pipeline to senior housing residences from assisted living to skilled nursing.

Such a model goes well beyond the offerings of many of today’s homecare providers. New investment will be required to develop new processes, logistics, service models, rebranding, customer awareness campaigns, and beyond. Moreover, the skills necessary will require a new generation of senior service workers. New skills and training in technology integration, evaluation, and coordination of multiple third party partner providers will be required. In addition to the new training will be the development of a technical team that are not professional caregivers, but like nurses, social workers, etc., are able to confidently cross the threshold of the home and garner trust from both an older adult and her adult children.

The future may already be here; it’s just not widely distributed yet. Brookdale Senior Living recently rolled out a front desk concierge service that coordinates Uber and Lyft rides for its assisted living residents. Going further, the development of more advanced services that can be brought into clients’ homes is “very important” to Brookdale’s business, according to Director of Strategy and Innovation Andrew Smith. “We want our residents in independent living to stay there as long as they want. We don’t want to force them into assisted living. That’s their home.”

While using new technology and evolving sharing economy services to augment today’s senior living residences is a start, the real opportunity is to transform the senior housing industry into a continuum of care services that begins in the homes that older adults live in today. Perhaps the greatest challenge will be convincing those in the investment community and some in the senior housing industry that there is a need for a change. While demography is destiny, the exact trajectory of the future is not always so easy to predict. Players in the longevity economy can’t only rely on the sheer numbers and buying power of the coming wave of older adults; they must be willing to create new businesses and transform existing industries for a new, savvier and demanding generation of older adults and family caregivers.

Why Companies Are Turning To Chief Data Officers To Generate More Value Out Of Data

Shutterstock

In a conversation with MicroStrategy CMO Mark Gambill, he described the rise of a new type of role—the Chief Data Officer (click here for article). As part of that conversation, he suggested I talk with Matthew Thomas, CDO, Pandera Systems, a leader in helping firms deliver analytics and automated decision capabilities, to better understand why financial institutions in particular need the CDO role (in addition to the CMO and CIO roles). Below are insights from Thomas regarding the CDO role—and how it adds value above and beyond the CMO and CIO roles.

WhitlerCan you describe the CDO role?

Thomas: To truly appreciate the increasing need for the CDO’s role, one must first understand that 90 percent of the world’s data was created in the past two years alone. That’s a lot of information for a company to suddenly organize, secure and make sense of, let alone make strategic decision on. The CDO emerged as organizations realized the need for someone to lead the management of all of this data as well as guide the organization in technology adoption and training necessary to storing and distributing it all.

Modern CDOs have a hybrid role: first control and secure data, second, maximize data’s value with accessibility throughout an organization while continuing to maintain this controlled state

Whitler: Is this a common role in the financial services industry?

Thomas: With the volume and velocity of data continuing to grow the challenge of reporting that data in a timely and trustworthy medium is a constant challenge. Regulatory reporting and legislative deadlines can cause more than migraines. Consider this: the average company loses up to twelve percent of its annual revenue due to bad data. If there are any non-compliance fines or other consequences on top of that, an organization can be crippled. This is especially important in financial services where those regulatory requirements are more stringent.

I’ll also add that in the age of millennials, there is no longer a single team of IT folks building reports. At companies across the globe, the masses have data access and want more from it. The need for self-service is very real, but behind that, the importance of governing data to avoid incorrect reporting becomes an even larger need.

Whitler: What are the consequences of having a CDO role? Or, what is the incremental value above and beyond other C-suite positions?

Thomas: The CDO is charged with providing decision-ready data to other executives to improve cycle times and cost on capital project considerations. For example, I was recently tasked with a plan to extract data from the Oracle E-Business System and input the information into MicroStrategy, our Business Intelligence solution. During the transfer my team came across a range of inconsistencies, such as departments using conflicting facts to report on given subjects. It’s my job to figure out whose data is correct, how long teams have been working with inconsistent data and what the potential domino effects of this inaccurate reporting were.

CDOs remove ambiguity around what data to use and how it should influence decision-making. Going back to my point on a data governance framework, it’s essential that CDOs implement systems that protect data and provide users with a seamless operating language across all elements of corporate data.

Whitler: Who does the CDO report to? And how are they different than a CIO?

Thomas: It’s ideal that a CDO report directly to the CEO, because it’s the CEO’s overall business strategy that’s defining a CDO’s day-to-day work.

There are important distinctions between what a CDO and a CIO do. The CDO’s role is to manage the information necessary to run the business, while the CIO manages the systems that run the business. In the modern economy, a CDO needs to provide standardized, quality controlled data that people can access to make informed decision that align to the overarching goals of the company.

Whitler: What experiences can help prepare somebody for a CDO role?

Thomas: The most important thing that someone can do to prepare for a CDO role is understand how significant data is in making informed business decisions at every level. A CDO must understand how information disseminates throughout an entire organization to support corporate strategy.

 Join the Discussion: @KimWhitler

Google's Grand Plan To Make AI Accessible To Developers And Businesses

Artificial intelligence took center stage at Google’s annual user conference, Cloud Next 2018. The company made several announcements that make machine learning and artificial intelligence accessible to both developers and businesses.

Fei-Fei Li, Chief Scientist, Google AISource: Google

One of the first announcements came in the form of Cloud AutoML, a managed service that lets developers build machine learning models without requiring any specialized knowledge in machine learning or coding. AutoML Vision, along with other automated ML services became publicly available. According to Google, it is a suite of machine learning products that enables developers with limited machine learning expertise to train high-quality models specific to their business needs, by leveraging Google’s state-of-the-art transfer learning, and Neural Architecture Search technology.

With AutoML, developers use a simple graphical user interface (GUI) to train, evaluate, improve, and deploy models based on their own data. Apart from computer vision, AutoML also offers translation and natural language models. AutoML Natural Language helps customers to predict custom text categories specific to domains automatically. With AutoML Translation, they can upload translated language pairs to train custom translation models.

Google has also enhanced its cognitive computing APIs. Cloud Vision API now recognizes handwriting, supports additional file types (PDF and TIFF) and product search, and can identify where an object is located within an image. The improvements to Cloud Text-to-Speech include multilingual access to voices generated by DeepMind WaveNet technology and the ability to optimize for the type of speaker from which the speech is intended to play. Cloud Speech-to-Text added the ability to identify what language is spoken as well as different speakers in a conversation, word-level confidence scores, and multi-channel recognition. With this enhancement, customers can record each participant separately in multi-participant recordings.

Dialogflow, the platform to build bots, can now be used to build AI-powered virtual agents for the contact center, including phone-based conversational agents known as interactive voice response (IVR). Google Cloud Contact Center, an AI solution based on Dialogflow, includes new features alongside other tools to assist live agents and to perform analytics.

With Dialogflow Phone Gateway, customers can assign a working phone number to the virtual agent and begin taking calls. The dynamic platform can scale based on the utilization patterns. Behind the scenes, all of the telephony infrastructure, speech recognition, speech synthesis, natural language understanding and orchestration are managed automatically.

Another component of Dialogflow Enterprise, the Dialogflow Knowledge Connector understands unstructured documents like FAQs or knowledge base articles to automatically build intents with automated responses sourced from internal document collections, enriching the conversational experience with little extra effort. The added information extracted from the knowledge base is integrated with the Dialogflow agent to deliver conversational user experience.

Apart from the above enhancements, Dialogflow now includes automatic spelling correction, sentiment analysis and text-to-speech capabilities.

Google is integrating its cloud-based machine learning assets with Dialogflow to build an intelligent contact center. The platform includes an agent assist system to provide the call center agents with relevant information through suggested articles and shortcuts for fulfilling relevant tasks in real time. Another feature called the Conversational Topic Modeler uses Google AI to analyze historical audio and chat logs to uncover insights about topics and trends in customer interactions.

Google is working with several industry players to integrate Cloud Contact Center AI with mainstream contact center platforms.

From automated ML to AI-based contact center, Google wants AI to become accessible to both developers and enterprises.

Beware Of Crypto Risks – 10 Risks To Watch

HONG KONG, HONG KONG – JUNE 15: As a visual representation of the digital Cryptocurrency, Litecoin (LTC), Monero (XMR), Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Ripple (XRP) and Dash on June 15, 2018 in Hong Kong, Hong Kong. (Photo by S3studio/Getty Images)

You know we are at the top of the hype cycle on blockchain and cryptocurrencies when examples of peak crypto include glistening fleets of Lamborghinis as a reflection of price spikes and talk of crypto-utopia with no central governments. Nonetheless, there are a number of key risks that plague this asset class and stand in the way of broader market adoption and stability. While there is no doubt cryptocurrencies, digital tokens and blockchain-based business models are here to stay, understanding how risk interplays with this emerging market and their underlying technologies will not only help protect investors, it will also give regulators a steady hand and, hopefully, guide how entrepreneurs are approaching risk management in their projects, which is not easily done after the fact. One unique facet that blockchain-based projects bring to the market is that unlike the analog economy, which hopes to code good conduct in people who have the care, custody and control of our savings and assets, is that “good conduct” can be coded at the technology layer and in an unalterable and transparent manner. In short, a machine is not naturally greedy or prone to moral hazard (risk taking without bearing the consequences).

What follows are 10 examples of key risks that imperil cryptocurrencies and stand in the way of market progress.

Wide Entrance, Narrow Exit – It is true that the advent of bitcoin and its ilk of cryptocurrencies, of which there are more than 1,600 and counting that have been digitally minted, has democratized many aspects of finance. This lowered barrier to entry creates a wide entrance and a very narrow exit, which as is prone to happen in the real world during Black Friday shopping frenzies for example, can lead to collateral damage as people rush to get out. The exit can be barred due to technological constraints, currency inconvertibility and few counterparties with whom to trade. While the asset class is generally uncorrelated to the traditional economy, it is all correlated to itself, which can create market panics and runs.

Intangible, Illiquid, Uninsured – The true miracle of blockchain-based cryptocurrencies, such as bitcoin, is that the issue of double counting is resolved without any intermediary, such as a bank or banker. This feature captured by the notion of digital singularity, where there can only be one instance of an asset is powerful and one of the primary reasons this asset class has blossomed. However, the intangible and illiquid nature of cryptocurrencies (combined with the point above about narrow exits) hampers their convertibility and insurability. Indeed, despite reports of growing insurer interest in the segment, the majority of crypto-assets and crypto companies are either under-insured or uninsurable by today’s standards. There is no deposit insurance “floor” for this asset class, which can help broaden appeal and investor security.

Mark To Market – As crypto holders seek to exit the intangible asset class returning to fiat currencies or other assets, which are often loathed by many crypto purists, their flight to safety or liquidity most often takes them to the greenback or U.S. While the price pegs work well on the way in to cryptocurrencies as investors informed by their “animal spirits” who want in on a speculative wave have a willingness to pay at a stated value or peg. On the way out, however, this mark to market feature sees many investors subjected to downward price pressure, which highlights the adverse effects of illiquidity, narrow exits and narrow participation in the asset class. These types of issues are being remedied as more institutional investors enter the space and more markets and trading platforms open. In the meantime, market participants would be wise in minding currency inconvertibility and the implied volatility of cryptocurrencies, which would make high-frequency traders flinch. To truly understanding blockchain’s potential requires the suspension of disbelief. To truly capture the investment thesis of cryptocurrencies requires the suspension of the traditional economy yardstick.

From Extortion To Manipulation – While no investor should part ways with money they are not prepared to lose, no matter how nominal the amount, cryptocurrencies are particularly prone to social engineering and misinformation risks. The naïve, as with the analog economy, can become easy prey to cyber extortion, market manipulation, fraud and other investor risks. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, SEC, has gone as far as creating a fake initial coin offering (ICO) website as a way of alerting would-be crypto investors to “shinny object” threats. Indeed, emerging regulatory clarity on what constitutes a truly decentralized asset, such as bitcoin or ethereum, which is beyond the control of any one party, versus company-issued cryptocurrencies or tokens is a growing area of securities attention.

Care, Custody And Control – Despite the intangible and unseen nature of cryptocurrencies and digital assets more generally, one of the single biggest issues plaguing the market is care, custody and control. Not unlike the perennial challenges of cyber and physical security of the traditional banking sector, there is a veritable standards war taking place among crypto custodians on who is providing the highest standards of investor protection and asset security. The number of high profile and high value crypto heists suggests that this playbook of best security practices is still being written. The wealthiest crypto investors are going to great lengths to protect their intangible hoard by using cold storage devices placed in physical (offline / airtight) vaults and bunkers. Not every crypto investor can afford this level of security no more than every crypto investor is a target, but all are subject to the emerging nature of care, custody and control standards. Here too, the absence of a basic “floor” in terms of security and capital guarantees, like a cyber Federal Deposit Insurance Corporate, FDIC, means that investors are exposed on a first-loss basis.

Cyber Risks On All Sides – As is true with cyber threats, which evolve according to Moore’s law, the space between the keyboard and the chair (or the smart phone and the digital wallet) is as important as the cyber hygiene and defenses of the crypto custodian. While in principle the bitcoin blockchain has proven to be among the most cyber resilient innovations thus far, the firms that plug into it, like other cryptocurrencies, are often new entrants with lax cybersecurity standards and wherewithal. By this measure, not all cryptocurrencies are created equal in term of their traceability, transaction ledgering and levels of trust or fiduciary responsibility. For this, risks as simple as “mysterious disappearance” and as complex as ransomware attacks and AI-powered bots scouring the Internet for weak links and easy prey are complex and fast-moving perils.

Human Error (And Forgetfulness) – Given the intangible nature of the asset class, human error and something as confounding as password amnesia can spell total loss of a crypto fortune. Not everyone is as lucky as 50 Cent, who forgot he accepted bitcoin for an album release and discovered an $8 million bitcoin bounty. The prospect of being locked out, losing hardware or facing “geophysical risks,” such as spilled coffee is often enough to create losses – not to mention the ever present risk of buyer’s remorse given cryptocurrency price volatility. At the crypto whale end of the market, the high-profile nature and public quality of large asset holders may expose people to direct physical security threats, such as kidnaping, ransom and extortion. A fleet of lambos will not add to the needed discretion of not becoming a potential target.

(Un)Safe Havens – Another key risk with cryptocurrencies and this asset class more generally is the lack of coordination and clarity on regulatory, financial, tax and legal treatment. This is unsurprising given the relatively new nature of this market and the often slow moving and lagging quality of “regulatory catch up.” Indeed, most regulators around the world did not begin to form an opinion about cryptocurrencies until their rise to prominence with bitcoin’s meteoric appreciation in 2017. Suddenly, countries and jurisdictions around the world have entered a crypto land grab by seeking to become destinations of choice for prospective investors and projects. Like the global financial system, coordination and coherence can go a long way in eschewing risks of the systemic and mundane variety while improving overall market stability.

Technological Risks – There have been many reports about the computational complexity and energy consumption of bitcoin mining, as one example of some of the technological limitations of cryptocurrencies. This computational complexity may also work in the inverse and pose potential risks to the asset class under the premise that complex systems fail in complex ways. It is true that the decentralized feature of true blockchain structures gives then an inherent disaster and risk-proofing that is not enjoyed by centralized databases (which are veritable honey pots as evidenced by Equifax’s massive breach). Yet not all cryptocurrencies or tokens are riding on similar rails. For this, investors should beware of the technological risks and false promises of decentralization that are being made in many projects, for not all blockchains are created equal.

Civil Wars With Forks – Last, but certainly not least, while much crypto wealth is concentrated in the hands of people who are thinking long term about the positive change this asset class can have on the world, there is nevertheless the constant specter of civil wars and forks, which can bifurcate the consensus on cryptocurrencies, thus eroding market share, valuation and adoption. This standards war continues to flare up, including most recently with the advent of Bitcoin Cash. It is also notable that despite the talk amongst crypto-utopians of a world ruled by blind scalable trust and no centralized authorities, that councils of large crypto holders, much like a papal conclave or the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), can set a course on the market influencing outcomes and price fluctuations. As with the real movement of whales, smaller fry can either get gobbled up or caught in the wake.

Precisely because there are risks in the cryptocurrency market there are rewards. Countless new entrants, from large traditional enterprises who have awoken to blockchain’s promise, or startup teams bent on creating a new democratized future challenging status quo, all realize that a new technology driven wave of value creation is upon us.  Understanding the potential perils of diving into this wave can help improve the long-term prospects of cryptocurrencies and broaden their adoption beyond risk-seeking first movers.

Amazon Video Announces New TV Shows And Movies For August (2018)

While Amazon’s list of new movies and TV shows for August isn’t as long as usual, there are definitely some big hitters on there.

Starting with Amazon’s home-grown Original content, Amazon Prime subscribers can expect four new TV shows and one movie.

The film is Gringo. This stars Charlize Theron, David Oyelowo and Joel Edgerton in a dark comedy/action film about a businessman who crosses the line from law-abiding citizen to wanted criminal. Available on August 17, Gringo will be available in both HDR and 4K.

Deadpool 2 is arriving on Amazon Video in August 2018.Photo: Deadpool 2, 20th Century Fox

The highlight of the new Amazon Original TV shows is Tom Clancy’s Jack Ryan. This marks the first time Ryan has appeared in a TV series format, so hopefully actor John Krasinski can do Clancy’s beloved CIA Analyst character proud. This show will be available from August 31 in HDR, 4K and, in a first for Amazon, Dolby Atmos sound. You can find more details on the arrival of Dolby Atmos on Amazon Prime Video in this separate story.

Another promising Amazon Original arriving this month is Agatha Christie. This three-part series is based on the novel of the same name, and tells the story of a family trying to figure out which one of them is a murderer. This show will appear in 4K and HDR for subscribers with suitably capable TVs.

Football (as in, Soccer!) fans, meanwhile, can get a behind the scenes look at the UK’s Premier League courtesy of All Or Nothing: Manchester City. Again available in high dynamic range and 4K, this series promises to chronicle everything from the team’s training facilities to executive meetings and interviews with manager Pep Guardiola. Hopefully it turns out to be less cliched in its approach than the ‘All Or Nothing’ bit of its title.

The last of Amazon’s new Originals for August is season two of The Stinky And Dirty Show – an animated children’s series based on the books by Jim and Kate McMullan.

See Gary Oldman in Oscar-winning form from August 18 on the HBO Amazon Channel.Photo: Darkest Hour, Universal Pictures

Leading the way when it comes to movies and TV shows not made by Amazon is Marvel/Fox mega-hit Deadpool 2, which mostly picks up where the hilarious first movie left off – except for not feeling quite as fresh this time round. This is available to buy from August 7th, or rent from August 21st.

Get Shorty (from August 1) is also worth a look thanks to its sharp combination of Barry Sonnenfeld behind the camera, and Gene Hackman, Rene Russo, Danny DeVito and John Travolta in front of it.

Kathryn Bigelow’s The Hurt Locker is worth a tense couple of hours of your time, even if it runs out of ideas before the end, while Amazon follows up its July delivery of David Lynch classic Mulholland Drive with the director’s unbearably good The Elephant Man. The Hurt Locker and The Elephant Man are both available from August 1.

The Usual Suspects (arriving August 1) is as brilliant now as it ever was, even if you’ve seen it before and know how the story plays out.

Excellent if slightly theatrical Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri shifts berths from Amazon Video to the HBO Amazon Channel, which also delivers Gary Oldman’s amazing turn as Winston Churchill in Darkest Hour from August 18.

David Lynch’s The Elephant Man is almost unbearably good. See for yourself on Amazon Prime Video from August 1.Photo: The Elephant Man, Paramount

Finally I can’t resist recommending one of my biggest guilty pleasures: Kingpin. Bill Murray’s bowling strike celebrations are enough in themselves to make this unmissable, but there’s plenty of puerile hilarity in between, too.

Here’s the full list of what Amazon Prime Video (US) is sending our way for August 2018.

Available for Streaming on Prime Video

August TBD

*All or Nothing: Manchester City, Season 1 (Prime Original series)

August 1

TV Series

#MeToo: Now What?, Season 1

Movies

A Cinderella Story (2004)

American Gigolo (1980)

American Ninja (1985)

American Ninja III: Blood Hunt (1989)

Be Cool (2005)

Black Mask (1996)

Black Rain (1989)

Book of Shadows: Blair Witch 2 (2000)

Boomerang (1992)

Cold War (2012)

CSNY/Déjà Vu (2008)

Curse of the Starving Class (1994)

Double Whammy (2002)

Fat Man and Little Boy (1989)

Fled (1996)

Flight of the Intruder (1991)

Freedom Writers (2007)

Frequency (2000)

G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra (2009)

Get Shorty delivers a pleasingly sharp adaptation of Elmore Leonard’s beloved novel.Photo: Get Shorty, MGM

Get Shorty (1995)

Heartbreakers (2001)

High Noon (1952)

Hoosiers (1986)

Hurt Locker (2008)

I Went Down (1997)

In & Out (1997)

Jacob’s Ladder (1990)

Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back (2001)

Jean-Michel Basquiat: The Radiant Child (2010)

Joe (2014)

John Grisham’s The Rainmaker (1997)

King Corn (2016)

Kingpin (1996)

Nick of Time (1995)

No Way Out (1987)

Original Sin (2001)

Out of Time (2003)

Private Parts (1997)

Pussy Riot: A Punk Prayer (2013)

Species (1995)

Species II (1998)

Species III (2004)

Stir of Echoes (1999)

Stir of Echoes 2: The Homecoming (2007)

Teen Wolf (1985)

Teen Wolf Too (1987)

The Blair Witch Project (1999)

The Elephant Man (1980)

The Ninth Gate (2000)

The Prince and Me (2004)

The Soloist (2009)

The Time Machine (2002)

The Usual Suspects (1995)

True Colors (1991)

Tunnel Rats (1968)

Vegas Vacation (1997)

Watchmen (2009)

Sorry not sorry.Photo: Kingpin, MGM/UA

August 2

Movies

America Divided: 201 (2018)

August 6

Movies

Spy Kids 2: Island of Lost Dreams (2002)

August 7

Movies

Having Our Baby (2017)

It Takes Guts (2016)

August 8

Movies

All I See Is You (2016)

Blood Ties (2014)

August 9

Movies

America Divided: 202 (2018)

August 10

Series

*Agatha Christie, Season 1 (Prime Original series)

Movies

Bleed for This (2016)

August 14

Series

Avoiding Apocalypse, Season 1

*The Stinky & Dirty Show, Season 2B (Prime Original series)

Movies

I Am Not Lorena (2014)

August 16

Movies

America Divided: 203 (2018)

August 17

Movies

*Gringo (2018) (Prime Original movie)

August 21

Movies

Ambassadors of the Sky (2016)

Two of a Kind (2014)

August 23

Movies

America Divided: 204 (2018)

August 25

Movies

Disobedience (2017)

The Escape of Prisoner 614 (2018)

Woman Walk Ahead (2017)

August 26

Movies

Mother! (2017)

August 31

Series

Billy the Exterminator, Season 1

Hangar 1: The UFO Files, Season 1

*Tom Clancy’s Jack Ryan, Season 1 (Prime Original series)

True Tori, Seasons 1-2

Available to Rent or Purchase on Prime Video

August 7 (Purchase) August 21 (Rent)

Deadpool 2

Available for Streaming on Prime Video Channels

August 4

Movies

Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri, HBO

Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri moves to the Amazon HBO channel for August.Photo: Three Billboards Outside Of Ebbing, Missouri, 20th Century Fox

Live Sports

*UFC 227 (PPV) – Dillashaw vs. Garbrandt 2, UFC

August 11

Movies

Murder on the Orient Express, HBO

August 12

Series

Ballers, HBO, Season 4

Insecure, HBO, Season 3

August 17

Live Sports

AVP Gold Series – Manhattan, Prime Video (8/17-19)

August 18

Movies

Darkest Hour, HBO

August 20

Series

Frankie Drake Mysteries, PBS Masterpiece, Season 1

August 25

Movies

Father Figures, HBO

August 31

Live Sports

AVP Gold Series – Chicago, Prime Video (8/31-9/2)

*UFC 227 is under the Prime Video | Pay-Per-View

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How Circles.Life Created The Netflix Of Telco In Singapore

The Circles.Life foundersCircles.Life

Since its launch in May 2016, the Singapore-based mobile virtual network operator (MVNO), Circles.Life has been a determined upstart committed to shaking things up in Singapore’s telecoms industry. For a long time, there were only three operators in the island state — Singtel, Starhub and M1.

Now with Circle.Life’s relatively successful 2 year presence, it seems that consumers are opting to leave the old guards of telecomms services and hop on board the young, bold provider. Declining to give exact numbers, Rameez Ansar, co-founder of Circles.Life, shared they are now reaching 3-5% of market share and claim that 24% of Singaporeans are looking to switch to their services. In fact, 43% of their subscribers also come from referrals.

Rameez Ansar, co-founder of Circles.LifeCircles.Life

It wasn’t easy getting to this position though. Consumers doubted that digital telcos are the future or how the company could provide such incredible, low-cost data packages. Incumbents were typically offering 3-4GB data plans at much higher costs. For instance, with Circles.Life, you can receive 20GB monthly mobile data for approximately $15 with no additional hidden costs. This seemed too good to be true until consumers had a chance to try it for themselves. As Ansar puts it, “we disrupted the industry through technology to give power back to the customers.”

Targeting consumers who rely on internet-connected devices, are data savvy and use data as their main currency, the team went forth to “tap into this market segment and offer what they need the most, unlimited data.” This way consumers never have to worry about exorbitant costs when they exceed limits. Besides providing unlimited data, the young upstart prides itself for being fully digital and giving customers flexibility and control over managing their telco needs through an easy-to-use app.

Cost savings also seem to be one of the perks for going digital, with Circles.Life claiming to have saved 95% of operational costs with this model. In fact, the startup partners with one of 3 incumbent operators, M1, and leases their existing network infrastructure thus negating the need to build from scratch.

Analyst, Sachin Mittal noted in a DBS Equity Research report that with Circles.Life, M1 is seeing a growth in revenue. “We think revenue share from Circles.Life could be a big factor here. Fixed revenues rose to approx. $26.3 million (+33% YoY) due to higher fibre customer base and contributions from corporate segment projects and comprised 17% of the total service revenue,” reported Mittal. 

Local influencers, Michelle Lee and Charlotte Tan with their masterpiece for Circles.LifeCircles.Life

However, while their attractive packages and over-the-top advertising campaigns attracted hordes of attention — one publicity stunt included ‘vandalizing’ subway walls, an act that’s technically illegal in Singapore — the team are finding it a challenge to stay relevant in this growing market. The need to be agile and constantly evolving is a strong one as they’re always on their toes to “identify rapid growth opportunities across the telco portfolio, including 5G, IoT, and cross-vertical partnerships, such as mPayments,” explained Ansar.

One such growth opportunity the team has identified is an expansion of their services to Indonesia. Considering the sheer penetration of mobile devices (expected to reach 47.6% in 2019) and how it’s the most popular device used to access the Internet there, this expansion made simple business sense for the Circles.Life team. Besides this expansion, Ansar shares that they’re working on opening an R&D center in Bangalore, bringing them closer to becoming a digital lifestyle platform.

Circles.Life teamCircles.Life

Circles.Life has set a standard for innovation and bold moves, heating up the telco industry in Singapore. Now a newcomer, TPG, plans to enter the market end of 2018 and shake things up further. Circles.Life remains undeterred though. Noting that customers are more value sensitive than price sensitive, Ansar assures they “will continue to over deliver through innovation and customer first features, while remaining competitive on price.”

All of which they believe is possible because of Circles-X, a cloud system they created 5 years ago that aligns all the key systems in a nimble manner — network operations, customer service, logistics and delivery, to the consumer facing digital experience. With this system, they are also able to react quickly to customers’ behaviours and launch or change products within weeks — effectively catering to their needs swiftly.

So now by slowing chipping away at the market share in Singapore and offering data-hungry mobile users bigger, bolder plans they can customize at the click of a button, Circles.Life is ultimately doing what Netflix is doing for content-hungry users.

Losing Streak Emerges As NYC, Hired Guns Lose Climate Change Case Against Big Oil

New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio’s climate change lawsuit is, so far, unsuccessful, as a federal judge has thrown it out of court. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

Federal judges continue to reject the efforts of private lawyers who hold a financial stake in lawsuits brought by government officials against the oil industry over the alleged effects of climate change.

On Thursday, a New York federal judge dismissed the lawsuit brought by New York City and attorneys at Hagens Berman working on a contingency fee against five of the biggest oil companies in the world, finding that the issue has already been decided by the U.S. Supreme Court.

It’s not the job of the judiciary to regulate greenhouse gases, Judge John Keenan wrote. That task rests with the federal government, says Keenan’s opinion, endorsing the thoughts of the California federal judge who tossed lawsuits from San Francisco and Oakland in June.

It’s another blow to the group of plaintiffs that has climate change cases in federal court.

“Although the City agrees that ‘federal common law has long applied to’ suits against ‘direct emitters of interstate pollution,’ it contends that its claims are not governed by federal common law because ‘the City bases liability on defendants’ production and sale of fossil fuels – not direct emissions of [greenhouse gases],” Keenan wrote.

“However, regardless of the manner in which the City frames its claims in its opposition brief, the amended complaint makes clear that the City is seeking damages for global warming-related injuries resulting from greenhouse gas emissions, and not only the production of Defendants’ fossil fuels.”

Currently, all but one in the recent string of climate change lawsuits are in federal court. Several counties and cities in California kicked things off last year, and a federal judge has remanded their cases to state court to deal with state law issues.

But defendants – Chevron, BP, Exxon, Royal Dutch Shell and ConocoPhillips – have appealed those rulings to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

However, Judge William Alsup drew the cases of San Francisco and Oakland and asserted federal jurisdiction over them, then threw them out of court.

King County, Wash., is using the same private lawyers, working on a contingency fee, as many of the plaintiffs. Its case is also in federal court.

Boulder, Colo., looked like it was going to be free to litigate its case in state court but recently decided to amend the lawsuit to include a claim for civil conspiracy. Filing an amended complaint allowed defendants Exxon and Suncor to remove the case to Colorado federal court, where it will be heard by a judge appointed by President George W. Bush.

Rhode Island Attorney General Peter Kilmartin’s lawsuit is the only case in state court, though the time period for the many defendants to remove it to federal court has not expired.

New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio used the law firm Hagens Berman for his case, as have many of the other plaintiffs, to push a theory of “public nuisance” on the oil industry.

Unfortunately for the plaintiffs, there exists U.S. Supreme Court precedent that says it is the job of the Environmental Protection Agency to administer the Clean Air Act and regulate greenhouse gases.

“As an initial matter, it is not clear that Defendants’ fossil fuel production and the emissions created therefrom have been an ‘unlawful invasion’ in New York City, as the City benefits from and participates in the use of fossil fuels as a source of power, and has done so for many decades,” Keenan wrote.

“More importantly, Congress has expressly delegated to the EPA the determination as to what constitutes a reasonable amount of greenhouse gas emission under the Clean Air Act.”

Resisting these lawsuits have been several Republican state attorneys general and the Trump administration. Opposition to the cases argues that is the job of the legislative and executive branches to regulate greenhouse gases.

Where these cases have been filed has not been surprising. In Rhode Island, the state previously attempted a similar “public nuisance” theory on the former makers of lead paint. Boulder has a history of addressing climate change, and Washington’s King County is home to Hagens Berman’s headquarters.

And California and New York have reputations as two of the country’s most favorable jurisdictions for plaintiffs lawyers.

“We’re thrilled with Judge Keenan’s decision today to dismiss the City’s baseless climate change lawsuit. New York is already a haven for excessive litigation and this kind of lawsuit only adds to the problem,” said Tom Stebbins, executive director of the New York Lawsuit Reform Alliance.

“Trial lawyers are attempting to politicize the legal system and stretch tort law far beyond its purposes in search of the next litigation jackpot.

“Unelected, profit-seeking trial lawyers should not be pushing public policy through the courts. That is not the role of the civil justice system; it is the domain of Congress and state legislatures – elected officials accountable to the people.”

A final note: Exxon’s defense includes an attack on statements made by the California cities and counties when they presented bond offerings. A Texas judge has found that those municipalities told contradictory stories – alleging near certain, climate change-caused doom in their lawsuits while neglecting to inform potential investors in bonds of those dangers.

The California plaintiffs have appealed that ruling, which could pave the way for depositions of and a lawsuit against government officials and Hagens Berman attorney Matt Pawa.

From Legal Newsline: Reach editor John O’Brien at [email protected]

This New Hampshire Startup Says It's Building The iPod Of Robots

In a nondescript industrial park in Merrimack, New Hampshire, Jason Walker is putting the final touches on what he believes will become the iPod of working robots.

Walker, 47, is co-founder of Waypoint Robotics, and the former lead quality and testing manager for the Roomba vacuuming robot. Waypoint, a tech startup about a year old, is housed in one cavernous room with high ceilings and a barebones office upfront filled with large, flat-screen monitors.

The Waypoint Robotics team at their lab/production facility in a Merrimack, New Hampshire industrial park. Co-Founder and CEO Jason Walker is third from the left.Waypoints Robotics

“We don’t splurge on anything except screens and chairs,” Walker says in the easy drawl of his native Kansas.

Although he makes no claims to being another Steve Jobs, Walker does fervently believe that he and his small team are going to revolutionize robots in the same way Jobs revolutionized MP3 players.

There were lots of MP3 players on the market before the iPod came out, Walker says. They were cheaper, more open and “all harder to use.”

“You had to be a computer science person to figure out how to make them work,” Walker said.

Apple, he says, did everything right.

“They did all of the individual things right, but without the entire pie, they wouldn’t have had a product,” Walker said. “That means creating the ecosystem, that means creating iTunes, that means creating deals with the record companies and the musicians, and that means creating the piece of software that gets it out of the internet and onto the iPod.”

How does that apply to robots? How do you make robots easy?

Walker and his team demonstrate, first boxing up the Waypoints Vector, their first and only robot at this point, in a wooden Quick-Crate, which goes together with metal clamps that snap in place and are easily removed with a provided tool.

Step 1: Make it easy to uncrate the 100-pound Vector.

The Vector robot is designed primarily for moving boxes and other items in warehouses.Waypoint Robotics

The robot, measuring about three feet long and two feet wide, is an aluminum platform mounted on four, independently powered Mecanum wheels that allow it to manuever as if it were skating on ice. The Vector can go forwards and backwards and sideways and any direction in between. It can carry up to 300 pounds.

The distinctive Mecanum wheels were invented by a Swedish company in 1972 and are used by the U.S. Navy to transport bombs and other items within the tight confines of a battleship. The wheels are comprised of a series of rollers positioned at a 45 degree angle. When forces – vectors – are applied to the wheels in various combinations, they can move in any direction.

That manueverability is important to the Waypoint Vector for a couple of reasons. It allows the robot to navigate its way through a warehouse with ease, sidling up to loading docks and drop-off points. It also allows the Vector to “dock” with Waypoint’s Enzone wireless charging station, where it fully recharges in a couple of hours without plugging anything in.

Walker says there are several key benefits to the Enzone. Wireless charging means there are no mechanical contacts to wear out or get dirty.

“That’s a huge benefit if you’re in a dusty environment, or an environment with fumes,” he said. “There’s no contact to make a spark, which might cause an explosion.”

Next is what Walker calls “opportunity charging.”

“The idea there is if the robot is parked at a machine or loading dock, waiting to get a package put on its back, you can put an Enzone in that place and get it charged while it’s waiting,” Walker said.

Popping off the clamps to uncrate the Vector, Walker uses one side of the Quick-Crate to build a ramp to drive the robot onto the floor of the shop, steering with the supplied joy stick. Next, he places a notebook computer on the Vector’s platform and begins driving it around the perimeter of the shop, skirting tables, chairs and shelves and stopping occasionally to mark a waypoint for an imaginary loading dock or drop-off point.

Everything Walker is doing is being prompted by software created by Nick Varas, one of three members of his tight-knit team. Walker will only hire what he calls “full-stack” robotic engineers.

“It means any one of us could build, and have built, an entire robot from the ground up,” Walker said. “We all have all the skills required to do all of the disciplines – the mechanical, electrical and software. But we tend to focus on specific areas.”

Walker says he’s afraid to hire anyone who isn’t a full-stack engineer because if you only have one area of expertise, “you learn a lot of hard lessons trying to figure out what other people have already figured out by ruining their own process.”

Once Walker has mapped the room by driving the Vector around it, he brings the robot back to retrieve the notebook computer.

“So there it is,” Walker says. “We just made that map and we’re going to save it. Now it’s asking us, Do you want to create boundaries so it doesn’t run over things it might not be able to see?”

The Vector “sees” using laser-based Lidar sensors front and back, which Walker describes as a plane spreading out 10 yards on each side of the robot. Whatever that plane intersects, the robot can see, but there are blind spots, both above and below the plane.

“That’s where you run into trouble where the robot thinks it can go through someplace where somebody left something hanging over, or parked a cart,” Walker said.

Full three-dimensional perception is an option for robots like the Vector, but it is prohibitively expensive, Walker said. As it is, the Vector costs $40,000.

The software prompts Walker to create boundaries on his map, using his finger on the touch screen.

“I’m going to draw a circle around that table because it’s hard to see,” Walker said.

After blocking off a few other areas of his map, Walker is ready to proceed to navigation.

“Every step it tells you what you need to do next,” Walker says.

A button, “Set a goal,” comes up on the screen of the computer.

“I’m going to touch that and just pick a point ahead of it and say, ‘Go to goal,’ and it goes,” Walker says. “So that’s it. You’re automonously navigating now.”

On its way to its goal, the Vector navigates around people standing in its way, an important feature for its intended use in warehouses.

“To test it I had a lot of fun with a remote control car with a piece of cardboard taped on it,” says Andy Mertinooke, another of the full-stack engineers at Waypoint Robotics. “We try to be mean to our robots.”

Mertinooke uses a different analogy than Apple to describe what Waypoint is doing for robots. The inspiration, he says, is Picasso.

“Simplify, simplify, simplify,” Mertinooke says. “Picasso went from a period where he was doing extremely realistic stuff to simpler and simpler to get to the essence of what something is. A bicycle handlebar and a seat could be a bull at the end of his career.”

The idea, says Mertinooke, is to distill robots to the essence of what they need to be.

“That’s going to make them more reliable,” he says. “It’s going to make them more robust.”

Walker sold 13 Vectors in his company’s first year, but some of them have gone to very important customers — tier one automotive suppliers. With his team closing in on perfecting all the elements that will make the Vector the iPod of robots, Walker is confident that Waypoint Robotics will grow exponentially.

Automation is a “must” for American manufacturers, he says, in spite of the fact that he estimates only 10 percent of the companies that could automate, have automated.

“A big part of the reason why is it’s hard,” Walker said. “Which is why if we make it easy, they’ll do it.”

Amazon 'Prime Day' 2018: The Best Deals So Far

Early Amazon Prime Day sales have already begunBestBlackFriday

</div> </div> <p><b>Amazon Prime Day 2018 – Early Live Deals</b></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400">You can get these deals right now with one catch: you must be an Amazon Prime subscriber. If you aren’t, there’s an easy hack. Sign-up for the free 30-day trial membership and you will get full access to all the deals and fast, free shipping while being able to cancel at any time (</span><a href="https://www.amazon.com/amazonprime?_encoding=UTF8&amp;ref=st_wlp_opt_out" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.amazon.com/amazonprime?_encoding=UTF8&amp;ref=st_wlp_opt_out" rel="nofollow"><span style="font-weight: 400" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.amazon.com/amazonprime?_encoding=UTF8&amp;ref=st_wlp_opt_out">Amazon Prime trial link</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">)</span></p> <p> </p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400"><i><span style="font-weight: 400">Echo Show </span></i><span style="font-weight: 400">for $129.99 (save $100) – easily the show-stopping deal right now – </span><a href="https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B01J24C0TI/ref=s9_acsd_al_bw_cr_x__a_w?pf_rd_m=ATVPDKIKX0DER&amp;pf_rd_s=merchandised-search-5&amp;pf_rd_r=MJX613GKYF3NYC7QW10W&amp;pf_rd_r=MJX613GKYF3NYC7QW10W&amp;pf_rd_t=101&amp;pf_rd_p=eaf144fd-ff85-4e4e-ba57-56c853a4d952&amp;pf_rd_p=eaf144fd-ff85-4e4e-ba57-56c853a4d952&amp;pf_rd_i=9818047011" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B01J24C0TI/ref=s9_acsd_al_bw_cr_x__a_w?pf_rd_m=ATVPDKIKX0DER&amp;pf_rd_s=merchandised-search-5&amp;pf_rd_r=MJX613GKYF3NYC7QW10W&amp;pf_rd_r=MJX613GKYF3NYC7QW10W&amp;pf_rd_t=101&amp;pf_rd_p=eaf144fd-ff85-4e4e-ba57-56c853a4d952&amp;pf_rd_p=eaf144fd-ff85-4e4e-ba57-56c853a4d952&amp;pf_rd_i=9818047011" rel="nofollow"><span style="font-weight: 400" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B01J24C0TI/ref=s9_acsd_al_bw_cr_x__a_w?pf_rd_m=ATVPDKIKX0DER&amp;pf_rd_s=merchandised-search-5&amp;pf_rd_r=MJX613GKYF3NYC7QW10W&amp;pf_rd_r=MJX613GKYF3NYC7QW10W&amp;pf_rd_t=101&amp;pf_rd_p=eaf144fd-ff85-4e4e-ba57-56c853a4d952&amp;pf_rd_p=eaf144fd-ff85-4e4e-ba57-56c853a4d952&amp;pf_rd_i=9818047011">product link</span></a></li> <li style="font-weight: 400"><span style="font-weight: 400">Prime Video, DVDs and Blu-Ray – Up to 50% Off, the selection is solid – </span><a href="https://www.primevideo.com/?ref=dvm_pds_amz_FI_lb_s_g%7Cc_267085762555_m_IcNKpJNg-dc_s__" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.primevideo.com/?ref=dvm_pds_amz_FI_lb_s_g%7Cc_267085762555_m_IcNKpJNg-dc_s__" rel="nofollow"><span style="font-weight: 400" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.primevideo.com/?ref=dvm_pds_amz_FI_lb_s_g%7Cc_267085762555_m_IcNKpJNg-dc_s__">product link</span></a></li> <li style="font-weight: 400"><span style="font-weight: 400">Amazon Music Unlimited – four months for $0.99 if you are a new subscriber – </span><a href="https://www.amazon.com/gp/dmusic/promotions/AmazonMusicUnlimited?" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.amazon.com/gp/dmusic/promotions/AmazonMusicUnlimited?" rel="nofollow"><span style="font-weight: 400" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.amazon.com/gp/dmusic/promotions/AmazonMusicUnlimited?">product link</span></a></li> <li style="font-weight: 400"><span style="font-weight: 400">Kindle Unlimited – New subscribers get three months for $0.99 – </span><a href="https://www.amazon.com/kindle-dbs/promoLanding?promoCode=8ca6e69e-d37e-4fae-be1f-4d95d6d5637f&amp;campaignId=8ca6e69e-d37e-4fae-be1f-4d95d6d5637f&amp;ref_=&amp;pf_rd_m=ATVPDKIKX0DER&amp;pf_rd_s=merchandised-search-13&amp;pf_rd_r=4A1DZRJQ444CB6XQH04V&amp;pf_rd_t=101&amp;pf_rd_p=a112edb4-5205-4a0f-9043-0d1bb89f3f5f&amp;pf_rd_i=13887280011" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.amazon.com/kindle-dbs/promoLanding?promoCode=8ca6e69e-d37e-4fae-be1f-4d95d6d5637f&amp;campaignId=8ca6e69e-d37e-4fae-be1f-4d95d6d5637f&amp;ref_=&amp;pf_rd_m=ATVPDKIKX0DER&amp;pf_rd_s=merchandised-search-13&amp;pf_rd_r=4A1DZRJQ444CB6XQH04V&amp;pf_rd_t=101&amp;pf_rd_p=a112edb4-5205-4a0f-9043-0d1bb89f3f5f&amp;pf_rd_i=13887280011" rel="nofollow"><span style="font-weight: 400" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.amazon.com/kindle-dbs/promoLanding?promoCode=8ca6e69e-d37e-4fae-be1f-4d95d6d5637f&amp;campaignId=8ca6e69e-d37e-4fae-be1f-4d95d6d5637f&amp;ref_=&amp;pf_rd_m=ATVPDKIKX0DER&amp;pf_rd_s=merchandised-search-13&amp;pf_rd_r=4A1DZRJQ444CB6XQH04V&amp;pf_rd_t=101&amp;pf_rd_p=a112edb4-5205-4a0f-9043-0d1bb89f3f5f&amp;pf_rd_i=13887280011">product link</span></a></li> <li style="font-weight: 400"><span style="font-weight: 400">Audible – Eligible members receive first three months for $4.95 per month – </span><a href="https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00NB873RG?" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00NB873RG?" rel="nofollow"><span style="font-weight: 400" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00NB873RG?">product link</span></a></li> <li style="font-weight: 400"><span style="font-weight: 400">‘Free’ Amazon Voucher – spend $10 in Whole Foods between July 11-17th and you’ll get a $10 Amazon voucher. Effectively, that’s your money back!</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400"><span style="font-weight: 400">Twitch Free PC games – a free game every day to Prime Day for Prime subscribers – </span><a href="https://www.twitch.tv/prime" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.twitch.tv/prime" rel="nofollow"><span style="font-weight: 400" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.twitch.tv/prime">product link</span></a></li> </ul> <p><span style="font-weight: 400">In addition to these live deals, Amazon has already confirmed multiple Prime Day deals which you can read about in my comprehensive </span><a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/gordonkelly/2018/07/11/amazon-prime-day-2018-deals-preview-best-sales-to-expect-on-echo-fire-kindle-hdtvs/" target="_self"><span style="font-weight: 400">Prime Day 2018 Preview and Buyers Tips</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400">. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400">Note: Prime Day starts on Monday, July 16th at 12 pm PT/3 pm ET and ends on Tuesday, July 17th. It will run for 36 hours, a six-hour extension over Prime Day 2017. </span></p>

<p><span style="font-weight: 400">I will be tracking and writing about the best Amazon’s best deals throughout Prime Day 2018, so hit the </span><a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/gordonkelly/" target="_self"><span style="font-weight: 400">’Follow’ button on my author page</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400"> to stay on top of them with my daily updates. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400">___</span></p> <p><i><span style="font-weight: 400">Follow Gordon on </span></i><a href="https://twitter.com/GordonKelly" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://twitter.com/GordonKelly" rel="nofollow"><i data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://twitter.com/GordonKelly"><span style="font-weight: 400" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://twitter.com/GordonKelly">Twitter</span></i></a><i><span style="font-weight: 400">, </span></i><a href="https://www.facebook.com/GordonKelly" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.facebook.com/GordonKelly" rel="nofollow"><i data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.facebook.com/GordonKelly"><span style="font-weight: 400" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.facebook.com/GordonKelly">Facebook</span></i></a><i><span style="font-weight: 400"> and </span></i><a href="https://plus.google.com/+GordonKelly" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://plus.google.com/+GordonKelly" rel="nofollow"><i data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://plus.google.com/+GordonKelly"><span style="font-weight: 400" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://plus.google.com/+GordonKelly">Google+</span></i></a></p> <p><b>More On Forbes</b></p> <p><a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/gordonkelly/2018/07/11/amazon-prime-day-2018-deals-preview-best-sales-to-expect-on-echo-fire-kindle-hdtvs/" target="_self"><span style="font-weight: 400">Amazon ‘Prime Day’ 2018 Preview: Best Echo, Echo Dot, Fire TV, Kindle, HDTV Deals</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/gordonkelly/2018/07/12/samsung-galaxy-note-9-galaxy-s10-specs-design-camera-fingerprint-reader-release-date-cost-price/" target="_self"><span style="font-weight: 400">Samsung ‘Accidentally’ Confirms Massive Galaxy Note 9</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/gordonkelly/2018/07/12/apple-iphone-x-iphone-se2-iphone-9-specs-design-camera-release-date-price/" target="_self"><span style="font-weight: 400">New iPhone Leak Reveals Apple’s Expensive Surprise</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/gordonkelly/2018/07/08/apple-iphone-new-iphone-upgrade-se2-specs-release-date-cost/" target="_self"><span style="font-weight: 400">iPhone Exclusive: Apple’s Massive, Cheap iPhone Confirmed</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/gordonkelly/2018/07/10/apple-ios-11-4-1-release-should-you-upgrade/" target="_self"><span style="font-weight: 400">Apple iOS 11.4.1: Should You Upgrade?</span></a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p>” readability=”45.8438256659″>

Thought Amazon ‘Prime Day’ began Monday, July 16th? Think again. While you will have to wait four more days for the main sales, Amazon has jumped the gun and started early deals on many of its biggest brands. These are the highlights you should move on now…

This post was created by the Contributor in partnership with BestBlackFriday, which specializes in holiday season sales. The deals highlighted within this post were independently selected by the Contributor and do not contain affiliate links.

Early Amazon Prime Day sales have already begunBestBlackFriday

Amazon Prime Day 2018 – Early Live Deals

You can get these deals right now with one catch: you must be an Amazon Prime subscriber. If you aren’t, there’s an easy hack. Sign-up for the free 30-day trial membership and you will get full access to all the deals and fast, free shipping while being able to cancel at any time (Amazon Prime trial link)

  • Echo Show for $129.99 (save $100) – easily the show-stopping deal right now – product link
  • Prime Video, DVDs and Blu-Ray – Up to 50% Off, the selection is solid – product link
  • Amazon Music Unlimited – four months for $0.99 if you are a new subscriber – product link
  • Kindle Unlimited – New subscribers get three months for $0.99 – product link
  • Audible – Eligible members receive first three months for $4.95 per month – product link
  • ‘Free’ Amazon Voucher – spend $10 in Whole Foods between July 11-17th and you’ll get a $10 Amazon voucher. Effectively, that’s your money back!
  • Twitch Free PC games – a free game every day to Prime Day for Prime subscribers – product link

In addition to these live deals, Amazon has already confirmed multiple Prime Day deals which you can read about in my comprehensive Prime Day 2018 Preview and Buyers Tips.

Note: Prime Day starts on Monday, July 16th at 12 pm PT/3 pm ET and ends on Tuesday, July 17th. It will run for 36 hours, a six-hour extension over Prime Day 2017.

I will be tracking and writing about the best Amazon’s best deals throughout Prime Day 2018, so hit the ’Follow’ button on my author page to stay on top of them with my daily updates.

___

Follow Gordon on Twitter, Facebook and Google+

More On Forbes

Amazon ‘Prime Day’ 2018 Preview: Best Echo, Echo Dot, Fire TV, Kindle, HDTV Deals

Samsung ‘Accidentally’ Confirms Massive Galaxy Note 9

New iPhone Leak Reveals Apple’s Expensive Surprise

iPhone Exclusive: Apple’s Massive, Cheap iPhone Confirmed

Apple iOS 11.4.1: Should You Upgrade?

Why Small Businesses Are Feeling the Threat of Trump's Latest Tariffs

Time and effort have gone down the drain for Steve Gould, who is scrambling to find new customers for his gin, whiskey and other spirits since the United States has taken a tough stance on trade issues.

Before the European Union retaliated against new U.S. tariffs with taxes of its own, Gould expected revenue from the EU at his Golden Moon Distillery in Colorado to reach $250,000 or $350,000 this year. Now he’s concerned that European exports will total just $25,000. Golden Moon already saw an effect when then-candidate Donald Trump made trade an issue during the 2016 campaign. Gould lost one of his Mexican importers and an investor, as overseas demand for small-distiller spirits was growing.

“We’ve lost years of work and hundreds of thousands of dollars in building relationships with offshore markets,” says Gould, who’s hoping to find new customers in countries like Japan.

President Donald Trump’s aggressive trade policies are taking a toll on small U.S. manufacturers. The president has imposed tariffs of 25 percent on steel and 10 percent on aluminum imports from most of the world, including Europe, Mexico and Canada, driving up costs for companies that rely on those metals. And he has slapped 25 percent taxes on $34 billion in Chinese imports in a separate trade dispute, targeting mostly machinery and industrial components so far. Trump’s tariffs have drawn retaliation from around the world. China is taxing American soybeans, among other things; the European Union has hit Harley-Davidson motorcycles and Kentucky bourbon; Canada has imposed tariffs on a range of products — from U.S. steel to dishwasher detergent.

More businesses could be feeling the pain as the trade disputes escalate — the administration on Tuesday threatened to impose 10 percent tariffs on thousands of Chinese products including fish, apples and burglar alarms. And China responded with a tariff threat of its own, although it didn’t say what U.S. exports would be targeted.

Small businesses are particularly vulnerable to tariffs because they lack the financial resources larger companies have to absorb higher costs. Large companies can move production overseas — as Harley-Davidson recently announced it would do to escape 25 percent retaliatory tariffs in Europe. But “if you’re a small firm, it’s much harder to do that; you don’t have an international network of production locations,” says Lee Branstetter, professor of economics and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University’s Heinz College.

Shifting manufacturing away from items that use components that are being taxed is also harder since small businesses tend to make fewer products, he says. And if tariffs make it too expensive to export to their current markets, small companies may not be able to afford the effort of finding new ones.

Small business owners have been growing more confident over the past year as the economy has been strong, and they’ve been hiring at a steady if not robust pace. But those hurt by tariffs are can lose their optimism and appetite for growth within a few months.

“They have narrow profit margins and it’s a tax,” says Kent Jones, an economics professor at Babson College. “That lowers their profit margins and increases the possibility of layoffs and even bankruptcies.”

Bertram Yachts is one company finding it trickier to maneuver. The U.S. has put a 25 percent tariff on hundreds of boat parts imported from China, where most marine components are made. And European countries have imposed a 25 percent tariff on U.S.-made boats. Last year, Bertram exported about a third of its boats, with half going to Europe.

“We have been squeezed on both sides,” says Peter Truslow, CEO of the Tampa, Florida-based boat maker.

Truslow doesn’t know how the tariffs will affect the company’s sales and profits, but dealers he’s spoken to in Europe have already gotten cancellations on boats that run into the millions of dollars. Bertram plans to try to build up its strong U.S. business and seek more customers in countries that aren’t involved in trade disputes with the U.S. including Japan and Australia.

Still, the company’s growth and job creation stand to slow. “It’s probably going to be more about a reduction in hiring than it is about layoffs,” Truslow says.

The ripples are being felt across the industry, says Tom Dammrich, president of the National Marine Manufacturers Association trade group. He estimates there are about 1,000 manufacturers, almost all small or mid-size businesses, and says some parts can only be bought from China.

Matt Barton’s metal fabrication company, which makes custom replacement parts for farm equipment, outdoor signs and people who race hot rods, is paying its suppliers up to 20 percent more for metals than it did a year ago.

Prices had actually soared as much as 40 percent months ago amid expectations of U.S. tariffs on aluminum and steel. They have since steadied, but are expected to remain high for three to six months. Barton’s Pittsboro, Indiana-based company, The Hero Lab, is absorbing part of the increases. Some racing customers are still delaying orders.

“What they budgeted to cost $1,000 now is now $1,200 or $1,500,” Barton says. “They’re pushing their orders back four to six weeks, waiting for a few more paychecks to come in.”

Jeff Schwager’s cheese company, Sartori, is selling products to Mexico at break-even prices because of that nation’s retaliatory 25 percent tariff. Twelve percent of the Plymouth, Wisconsin-based company’s revenue comes from exports, which is the fastest-growing segment of the business.

Sartori and its Mexican importer are each absorbing half the costs of the tariff. Schwager, the CEO, doesn’t see leaving the Mexican market as an option.

“If you lose space on the grocery store shelf, or you’re taken out of recipes in restaurants, that takes years to get back,” he says. He hopes the trade dispute can be resolved and tariffs rolled back.

But some small manufacturers believe they can benefit from a trade dispute. Greg Owens, president of flatware maker Sherrill Manufacturing, says if his competitors in China are hit by U.S. tariffs, he could see revenue increase.

“They would have to raise the retail price, which would allow us to raise our prices,” says Owens, whose company is located in Sherrill, New York. In turn, Owens says, that would allow “long overdue” raises for workers and upgrades to capital equipment.

Catalyzing Innovation via Centers, Labs, and Foundries

Industry, government and academia working togetherDepositphotos enhanced by CogWorld

The cornerstone of collaboration is based on knowledge transfer; sharing of research tools, methodologies and findings; and sometimes combining mutual funding resources to meet shortfalls necessary to build prototypes and commercialize technologies.

Collaborations often involve combinations of government, industry and academia who work together to meet difficult challenges and cultivate new ideas. A growing trend for many leading companies is creating technology specific innovation centers, labs, and foundries to accelerate collaboration and invention.

As the development of new technologies continues to grow exponentially and globally, collaboration has more value as a resource for adapting to the rapidly emerging technologies landscape by establishing pivotal connections between companies, technologies and stakeholders.

In the US Federal government, the National Labs (including: Lawrence Livermore, Oak Ridge, Argonne, Sandia, Idaho National Laboratory, Battelle, and Brookhaven, and Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDC’s), and federally funded Centers For Excellence have been outlets for innovation and public/private cooperation. The benefits of the Labs’ role include experienced capability in rapid proto-typing of new technologies ready for transitioning, showcasing and commercialization. The Labs are a reservoir of specialized skills and capabilities with the best state-of-the art facilities for testing and evaluation of technologies.

Industry has increasingly adapted the innovation centers, labs, and foundries model used by government. They are often focused on areas of specific types of technologies where companies have expertise. Their models often include participation by clients, other companies, academia and government.

The focused innovation concept is not a new one, but it’s a proven one. PARC (Palo Alto Research Center), founded in 1970 as a division of Xerox Corporation transformed in 2002 into an independent, wholly owned subsidiary company, has been dedicated to developing and maturing advances in science and business concepts with the support of commercial partners and clients.

There are a variety of promising and exciting new initiatives in the PARC mold. For example, in the growing area of artificial intelligence and deep learning, Nvidia opened up a lab in Toronto dedicated to the technology. Giants such as IBM, Microsoft, Google, Cisco and many others in the AI ecosphere have all established innovation centers to create, collaborate, and develop in a wide range of technology disciplines, including AI.

Similarly, in defense and aerospace, leading companies such as Lockheed Martin, General Dynamics, Northrup Grumman, and Raytheon all have invested in labs, centers and collaborative projects to develop better solutions for the warfighter.

Dell EMC recently announced the creation of the world-class High Performance Computing Dell EMC HPC Innovation Lab in Austin, Texas. Booz Allen’s IHub will serve as the headquarters for Booz Allen’s Dark Labs team, an elite group of security researchers, penetration testers, reverse engineers, network analysts and data scientists dedicated to stopping cyber-attacks. And, Intel Corp. is opening an Information Technology Innovation Center in Folsom, California to stimulate and attract innovation in IT research and development.

An interesting approach is the global positioning of Foundries. AT&T has established Foundry innovation centers in 6 cities around the world, and since its inception, has started more than 500 projects and has deployed dozens of new products and services. Each Foundry has a specialized research, prototype, and networking area, including IoT, Edge computing, and cybersecurity.

Image credit: AT&T; enhanced by CogWorld

The exponential arrival of new technologies in diverse areas such as genetic engineering, augmented reality, robotics, renewable energies, big data, digital security, quantum computing and artificial intelligence necessitates rapid, comprehensive approaches that innovation centers, labs and foundries can help fulfill. The result of such collaborations will both keep us apprised of new paradigms and contribute to a seismic shift in breakthrough product discoveries. Such cooperation could speed up the realization of the next industrial revolution and bring benefits beyond our expectations.

Apple Loop: New iPhone Design Revealed, iPhone X Beaten In Global Sales, Mystery MacBook Pro Leaks

Taking a look back at another week of news from Cupertino, this week’s Apple Loop includes a closer look at the new iPhone X designs, the details of Apple’s new fast charger, benchmarks for mystery MacBook Pro model, iPhone topping world sales charts, update to the iOS 12 public beta, and how to not mention the World Cup in your marketing.

Apple Loop is here to remind you of a few of the very many discussions that have happened around Apple over the last seven days (and you can read my weekly digest of Android news here on Forbes).

New iPhone Dummy Models On Show

This week saw the team at 9to5Mac obtain dummy models of the 2018 iPhone line-up, including the 6.5 inch iPhone X Plus, the second generation iPhone X, and the ‘budget’ iPhone X that is expected to replace the iPhone 8. Although these reveal little of the internals of the smartphones, the visual design is now clear. Forbes’ Gordon Kelly takes a closer look at the models:

Looking at the flagship model first, the dummy units illustrate that Apple will be able to crowbar the massive iPhone X Plus display into a chassis no larger than the 5.5-inch iPhone 8 Plus thanks to its adoption of the iPhone X’s so-called ‘bezel-less’ display. Moreover, the budget iPhone X will also offer a bezel-less design and potentially for less money than an iPhone 8.

More here on Forbes.

Apple Prepares To Match Android Fast Charge With New iPhone

Leaked images this week have revealed more details about Apple’s sat charger that it plans to include in the box with this year’s new iPhones. Along with the new fast-charge circuits, the higher rated charger will mean the iPhone can reach parity with other fast charging smartphones powered by Android, as I reported earlier this week:

The latest leaked images around the new iPhones show Apple’s new charger, and the standout feature is that these chargers are USB-C based. That means Apple will package the new iPhone X handsets with a USB-C to lightning charging cable. Given the latest MacBook machines only have USB-C ports on them, Apple is finally shipping a charging cable that offers dongle-free connection to its own hardware.

The inclusion of the fast charger is welcome, although I do wonder why it has taken so long for Apple to do so. The next question is when Apple will release hardware that will enable fast wireless charging using Apple’s AirPower.

More details on the charger here on Forbes. Meanwhile Jon Gruber sums up the practical angle nicely:

Moving to a single 18-watt adapter for iPhones and iPads makes a lot of sense. Wired charging for the fastest charge, inductive charging pads for the most convenient.

More on that at Daring Fireball…

A skateboarder jumps the curb crossing a street in Los Angeles, California on october 13, 2017, where advertising for Apple’s new iPhone X (Photo: Frederic J Brown/AFP/Getty Images)

Mystery MacBook Pro Benchmarked

Following up on details found by online benchmarking tool Geekbench, I’ve taken a look at the potential updates to the MacBook Pro for 2018. The basic specifics look to be little more than a bump in the numbers. Given Apple’s focus on iOS and the devaluation of the Mac in presentations, this lack of obvious ‘gee-whizz’ updates should come as no surprise to disappointed Mac fans:

The question now is if Apple will give any new MacBook machines a platform at a key event. Given the developer community was gathered at WWDC, one of the key moments was rejected. Apple’s March event placed an educational focus on the iPad (and relegated talk of macOS machines to ‘that big box the teachers use’). Even the updates to macOS announced at WWDC were either cosmetic or to provide support for iOS.

More on the benchmarking, and how the new MacBook machines could be launched, here on Forbes.

Next: iPhone sales, iOS 12 betas, and marketing without mentioning the World Cup…

Check Out The Rocket League 'Year Three' Infographic

, I write about gaming and technology, giving news, insights, and more. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own.
Psyonix/Rocket League

Rocket League Year 3 Infographic

</div> </div> <p>July 7th, 2018 is Rocket League’s third birthday, and Psyonix has released their yearly infographic to celebrate. This year’s graphic provides statistics like player base, community involvement, and item popularity- statistics that would be unknown to us if Psyonix wasn’t the community-involved team that it is.</p> <p>I was hoping we’d be treated to another infographic this year, since they&nbsp;provide not only a great snapshot of the game’s current state, but also allow us the chance to compare to previous years’ statistics to see how the community has changed.</p> <p>I’ve collected some of more interesting statistics from the graphic with some comments below, but feel free to check out the entire infographic (without my interruptions!) <a href="https://rocketleague.media.zestyio.com/RL-Infographic-Year-3_2.jpg" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://rocketleague.media.zestyio.com/RL-Infographic-Year-3_2.jpg" rel="nofollow">on the Rocket League site</a>.</p> <p> </p>

Psyonix/Rocket League

Match statistics since Rocket League’s release

</div> </div> <p>2.5&nbsp;<em>Billion&nbsp;</em>matches played is a staggering figure. If each match takes 5 minutes, that’s about 24,000 years of Rocket League played in just 3 real-life years. Time flies when you’re having fun!</p>

<p>Interestingly, across the 46 million players that number averages to only 55 matches each. I’d love to see the&nbsp;distribution of average matches played, if only to see where my obsession places me among others.</p>

Psyonix/Rocket League

Rocket League’s "Big Numbers"

</div> </div>” readability=”34.3465272591″>

Psyonix/Rocket League

Rocket League Year 3 Infographic

July 7th, 2018 is Rocket League’s third birthday, and Psyonix has released their yearly infographic to celebrate. This year’s graphic provides statistics like player base, community involvement, and item popularity- statistics that would be unknown to us if Psyonix wasn’t the community-involved team that it is.

I was hoping we’d be treated to another infographic this year, since they provide not only a great snapshot of the game’s current state, but also allow us the chance to compare to previous years’ statistics to see how the community has changed.

I’ve collected some of more interesting statistics from the graphic with some comments below, but feel free to check out the entire infographic (without my interruptions!) on the Rocket League site.

Psyonix/Rocket League

Match statistics since Rocket League’s release

2.5 Billion matches played is a staggering figure. If each match takes 5 minutes, that’s about 24,000 years of Rocket League played in just 3 real-life years. Time flies when you’re having fun!

Interestingly, across the 46 million players that number averages to only 55 matches each. I’d love to see the distribution of average matches played, if only to see where my obsession places me among others.

Psyonix/Rocket League

Rocket League’s “Big Numbers”

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Three Ways Scott Pruitt's EPA Put The Oceans At Risk

, I write about the ocean, climate change, and the future of our planet. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own.
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Environmental Protection Agency administrator Scott Pruitt listens as President Donald Trump speaks during a cabinet meeting at the White House, Thursday, June 21, 2018, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

</div> </div> <p>Earlier today, President Donald Trump announced via Twitter that Scott Pruitt had&nbsp;resigned from his post as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator.</p> <blockquote> <span class="tweet_quote"> <a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.forbes.com%2Fsites%2Fpriyashukla%2F2018%2F07%2F05%2Fthree-ways-scott-pruitts-epa-put-the-oceans-at-risk%2F&amp;text=I%20have%20accepted%20the%20resignation%20of%20Scott%20Pruitt%20as%20the%20Administrator%20of%20the%20Environmental%20Protection%20Agency." target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.forbes.com%2Fsites%2Fpriyashukla%2F2018%2F07%2F05%2Fthree-ways-scott-pruitts-epa-put-the-oceans-at-risk%2F&amp;text=I%20have%20accepted%20the%20resignation%20of%20Scott%20Pruitt%20as%20the%20Administrator%20of%20the%20Environmental%20Protection%20Agency." rel="nofollow">I have accepted the resignation of Scott Pruitt as the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.<span data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.forbes.com%2Fsites%2Fpriyashukla%2F2018%2F07%2F05%2Fthree-ways-scott-pruitts-epa-put-the-oceans-at-risk%2F&amp;text=I%20have%20accepted%20the%20resignation%20of%20Scott%20Pruitt%20as%20the%20Administrator%20of%20the%20Environmental%20Protection%20Agency."></span></a></span> </blockquote> <p>While Pruitt <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/pruitt-aides-reveal-new-details-of-his-spending-and-management-at-epa/2018/07/02/71b87384-7aec-11e8-80be-6d32e182a3bc_story.html?utm_term=.07c17a32dfb4" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/pruitt-aides-reveal-new-details-of-his-spending-and-management-at-epa/2018/07/02/71b87384-7aec-11e8-80be-6d32e182a3bc_story.html?utm_term=.07c17a32dfb4" rel="nofollow">exhibited questionable ethics and made controversial decisions</a>&nbsp;(including spending <em>thousands</em> of dollars on &quot;<a href="https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2018/6/21/17488454/scott-pruitt-tactical-pants-scandal" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2018/6/21/17488454/scott-pruitt-tactical-pants-scandal" rel="nofollow">tactical pants</a>&quot; &amp; attempting to secure a <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/05/climate/pruitt-epa-chick-fil-a.html" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/05/climate/pruitt-epa-chick-fil-a.html" rel="nofollow">job for his wife at Chick-fil-A</a>), his&nbsp;steadfast&nbsp;efforts to repeal Obama-era environmental policies&nbsp;and permit pollution by fossil fuel and chemical companies will be his lasting legacy.</p> <p>Below&nbsp;are three ways that&nbsp;the EPA&nbsp; imperiled the oceans while Pruitt was Administrator:</p> <p><strong>[1] DENYING OCEAN ACIDIFICATION</strong></p> <p> </p> <p>During his confirmation hearing, Pruitt <a href="https://www.nrdc.org/experts/lisa-suatoni/scott-pruitt-ocean-acidification-wrong-again" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.nrdc.org/experts/lisa-suatoni/scott-pruitt-ocean-acidification-wrong-again" rel="nofollow">denied</a>&nbsp;that the&nbsp;<a href="https://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/story/Ocean+Acidification" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/story/Ocean+Acidification" rel="nofollow">oceans are becoming more acidic as they absorb CO2 from the atmosphere</a>. While unsurprising due to his reputation as a firm&nbsp;<a href="https://www.tulsaworld.com/opinion/othervoices/scott-pruitt-and-luther-strange-an-un-american-prosecution-of/article_eff77ff4-8f6c-5646-84da-1f3204b89f54.html" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.tulsaworld.com/opinion/othervoices/scott-pruitt-and-luther-strange-an-un-american-prosecution-of/article_eff77ff4-8f6c-5646-84da-1f3204b89f54.html" rel="nofollow">climate change denier</a>,&nbsp;this deliberate obfuscation of the truth <a href="https://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/new-crp-evaluating-the-impacts-of-ocean-acidification-on-seafood-a-global-approach-k41018" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/new-crp-evaluating-the-impacts-of-ocean-acidification-on-seafood-a-global-approach-k41018" rel="nofollow">has threatened the shellfish aquaculture industry</a>; starting in the early 2000s,&nbsp;growers in the Pacific Northwest observed their <a href="https://abcnews.go.com/GMA/Eco/ocean-acidification-hits-northwest-oyster-farms/story?id=10425738" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://abcnews.go.com/GMA/Eco/ocean-acidification-hits-northwest-oyster-farms/story?id=10425738" rel="nofollow">shellfish dissolving&nbsp;during periods of&nbsp;intense acidification</a>. Therefore,&nbsp;as the&nbsp;<a href="https://scripps.ucsd.edu/programs/keelingcurve/2013/07/03/how-much-co2-can-the-oceans-take-up/" target="_blank" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://scripps.ucsd.edu/programs/keelingcurve/2013/07/03/how-much-co2-can-the-oceans-take-up/" rel="nofollow">oceans continue to absorb CO2 emitted from burning fossil fuels</a>,&nbsp;shellfish growers will become increasingly vulnerable to ocean acidification and little governmental infrastructure&nbsp;exists to help them face these challenges.</p>” readability=”21.4725943971″>

Environmental Protection Agency administrator Scott Pruitt listens as President Donald Trump speaks during a cabinet meeting at the White House, Thursday, June 21, 2018, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

Earlier today, President Donald Trump announced via Twitter that Scott Pruitt had resigned from his post as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator.

I have accepted the resignation of Scott Pruitt as the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.

While Pruitt exhibited questionable ethics and made controversial decisions (including spending thousands of dollars on “tactical pants” & attempting to secure a job for his wife at Chick-fil-A), his steadfast efforts to repeal Obama-era environmental policies and permit pollution by fossil fuel and chemical companies will be his lasting legacy.

Below are three ways that the EPA  imperiled the oceans while Pruitt was Administrator:

[1] DENYING OCEAN ACIDIFICATION

During his confirmation hearing, Pruitt denied that the oceans are becoming more acidic as they absorb CO2 from the atmosphere. While unsurprising due to his reputation as a firm climate change denier, this deliberate obfuscation of the truth has threatened the shellfish aquaculture industry; starting in the early 2000s, growers in the Pacific Northwest observed their shellfish dissolving during periods of intense acidification. Therefore, as the oceans continue to absorb CO2 emitted from burning fossil fuels, shellfish growers will become increasingly vulnerable to ocean acidification and little governmental infrastructure exists to help them face these challenges.

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Meet the Women Taking Over the MIT Technology Review's 35 Innovators Under 35 List

The gatekeepers to innovation may question whether someone named Jennifer or Patricia can be inventors–a study out of the Yale School of Management found that men were more likely to see their patent applications approved than women, but that this disparity decreased for women with less traditionally female names. Those at the U.S. Patent Office may reconsider their assumptions after checking out the 2018 MIT Technology Review’s 35 Innovators under 35. For the first time in the list’s nearly 20-year history, the majority of young innovators are women.

From working to make electricity more accessible to building smarter robots, the 18 women on this list are proving that creativity is not gender-based, at a time when still nearly 80 percent of patents are given to men. Meet five visionary women with some of the most groundbreaking ideas for reshaping our world.

1. Elizabeth Nyeko, Modularity Grid, 34

Nyeko is working to make sure rural communities in Africa have electricity — sustainably. She has developed a mini-grid to serve the areas that are too expensive for national grids to cover. But unlike others available, which can overproduce electricity, Nyeko’s Modularity Grid is a cloud-based platform that can predict consumption and redirect excess to where it is needed.

2. Shehar Bano, Tackling State Censorship, 31

Bano was frustrated with the state-censorship in her native Pakistan that prevented access to websites like YouTube. So as a computer science postdoctoral researcher at University College London, she conducted the first systematic study of state censorship on the internet. Her research has led to not only a better understanding of how such systems work but several workarounds for people in need of unfettered access to the web.

3. Hera Hussain, Chayn, 28

Hussain is the founder of Chayn, an online platform for women seeking resources for how to handle domestic violence–including how to build a case without a lawyer. Chayn is an open-source medium for survivors and experts to share their knowledge, which she found is often either entirely missing or incredibly biased.

4. Joy Buolamwini, Algorithmic Justice League, 28

Buolamwini founded the Algorithmic Justice League, which aims to take down bias in machine learning. As a researcher at the MIT Media Lab, Buolamwini has found that AI is significantly better at recognizing the faces of lighter skin males than darker-skinned females (compare error rates of 1 percent and 35 percent, respectively). Already a Rhodes Scholar and Fulbright Fellow, Boulamwini isn’t stopping until the technology becoming increasingly part of societal institutions is representative of all people.

5. Chelsea Finn, Berkeley Artificial Intelligence Lab, 25

A challenge of many robots on the market is their limited skill sets: they can only do tasks they have been programed to do. But Finn’s robots are changing this. They learn how by watching and repeating, just as toddlers copy adults. If Finn, a PhD student at UC Berkeley, is successful, we will have a generation of robots that require less programming and have broader skill sets.

How Tesla Scored A Zero On Climate Management

, From Chicago, I write about green technology, energy, environment. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own.

Elon Musk, chairman and chief executive officer of Tesla Motors, stands with a Tesla Roadster outside the Nasdaq Marketsite in New York in a file photo. Photographer: Daniel Acker/Bloomberg

</div> </div> <p>Tesla Motors is widely regarded as the most climate-conscious automaker,&nbsp;with an&nbsp;all-electric fleet&nbsp;that&nbsp;spurred&nbsp;clean-car innovation across the industry. But Elon Musk’s company nonetheless earned a zero score this year in an assessment of corporate climate governance.</p> <p>The Transition Pathway Initiative assessed the climate&nbsp;performance of 138 companies in seven sectors, including all the major automakers. Tesla tops the list&nbsp;when it comes to&nbsp;carbon emissions&nbsp;from its products, thanks to a fleet that&nbsp;burns no gasoline or diesel. But Tesla&nbsp;<a href="http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/tpi/company/tesla/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/tpi/company/tesla/">finished last</a>, alongside Ferrari and the Chinese automaker Brilliance, when it comes to&nbsp;management of its overall climate&nbsp;impact, because the company hasn’t disclosed&nbsp;any management&nbsp;information.</p> <p>&quot;They clearly are by far the most efficient in terms of alignment with 2&ordm;, but at the same time they’re&nbsp;one of the worst in terms of actually making public disclosure in terms of how they manage climate change as a company,&quot; said Adam Matthews, the director of ethics and engagement for the Church of England Pension Board and co-chair of TPI. His reference to 2&ordm; refers to the international ambition to limit human-caused warming to no more than 2&ordm; C.</p> <p> </p> <p>TPI’s zero score is&nbsp;typically reserved for companies that are &quot;unaware of (or not acknowledging) climate change as a business issue.&quot;</p> <p>That characterization rankled a Tesla spokesman I reached yesterday.</p> <p>&quot;Tesla’s entire reason for existing is to accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy,&quot; said Tesla spokesman Kamran Mumtaz. &quot;Our fleet of vehicles has saved more than 3.5 million tons of CO<sub>2</sub>, and our solar products have produced more than 10 billion kilowatt hours of clean energy across the globe. When we read that Tesla is ‘unaware of climate change as a business issue,’&nbsp;we checked the calendar to make sure it wasn’t April 1<sup>st</sup>.”</p>

<p>TPI is not the&nbsp;only organization to&nbsp;criticize&nbsp;Tesla’s&nbsp;silence about&nbsp;its climate impact. Trillium Asset Management knocked Tesla <a href="http://www.trilliuminvest.com/shareholder-proposal/tesla-corporate-sustainability-reporting-2018/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:http://www.trilliuminvest.com/shareholder-proposal/tesla-corporate-sustainability-reporting-2018/">in a recent report</a>&nbsp;on&nbsp;the company’s environmental, social and governance (ESG) disclosures:</p>” readability=”45.3778359511″>

Elon Musk, chairman and chief executive officer of Tesla Motors, stands with a Tesla Roadster outside the Nasdaq Marketsite in New York in a file photo. Photographer: Daniel Acker/Bloomberg

Tesla Motors is widely regarded as the most climate-conscious automaker, with an all-electric fleet that spurred clean-car innovation across the industry. But Elon Musk’s company nonetheless earned a zero score this year in an assessment of corporate climate governance.

The Transition Pathway Initiative assessed the climate performance of 138 companies in seven sectors, including all the major automakers. Tesla tops the list when it comes to carbon emissions from its products, thanks to a fleet that burns no gasoline or diesel. But Tesla finished last, alongside Ferrari and the Chinese automaker Brilliance, when it comes to management of its overall climate impact, because the company hasn’t disclosed any management information.

“They clearly are by far the most efficient in terms of alignment with 2º, but at the same time they’re one of the worst in terms of actually making public disclosure in terms of how they manage climate change as a company,” said Adam Matthews, the director of ethics and engagement for the Church of England Pension Board and co-chair of TPI. His reference to 2º refers to the international ambition to limit human-caused warming to no more than 2º C.

TPI’s zero score is typically reserved for companies that are “unaware of (or not acknowledging) climate change as a business issue.”

That characterization rankled a Tesla spokesman I reached yesterday.

“Tesla’s entire reason for existing is to accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy,” said Tesla spokesman Kamran Mumtaz. “Our fleet of vehicles has saved more than 3.5 million tons of CO2, and our solar products have produced more than 10 billion kilowatt hours of clean energy across the globe. When we read that Tesla is ‘unaware of climate change as a business issue,’ we checked the calendar to make sure it wasn’t April 1st.”

TPI is not the only organization to criticize Tesla’s silence about its climate impact. Trillium Asset Management knocked Tesla in a recent report on the company’s environmental, social and governance (ESG) disclosures:

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New Surface StudioLeakHighlightsMicrosoft's Exciting Future

With the launch of the Surface Studio, Microsoft’s all-in-one desk-bound masterpiece made a huge play to the design community. It might have been pricey, but the tight integration of the Windows 10 Creators Update with practical peripherals such as the Surface Dial and Surface Pen could be seen as a subtle shockwave that disturbed the comfortable reliance on macOS.

Two years later I think its time for the 28-inch easel based Studio to be updated, and all the signs out there suggest Microsoft is thinking the same.

The last few years have seen Microsoft keep a relatively steady pace for its high-end designs. Winding the clock back, 2017 saw the debut of the Surface Book 2, while the original Surface Book was launched in 2015. Meanwhile the first Surface Studio was revealed in 2016.

There’s not a huge amount of data, but on the assumption that the Surface line allows us to assume Taniyama-Shimura, then we have Surface Book in 2015, Surface Studio in 2016, Surface Book 2 in 2017, and Surface Studio 2 in late 2018?

Microsoft Corporate VP of Devices, Panos Panay introduces Microsoft Surface Studio at a Microsoft news conference October 26, 2016 (Photo: Don Emmert/AFP/Getty Images)

The Surface Studio is not a machine designed to sell in the quantities seen by smartphones, or other Surface devices. It is very much a nice machine, but one that allows Microsoft to show off its engineering prowess, to show what Windows 10 can do when the gloves come of, and allows Redmond to have a product it can use to illustrate its software and hardware without biasing towards a single partner manufacturer

Yes, there’s an argument that having Surface line actually weakness the partnership as Microsoft is seen more as a hardware competitor than a thought leader, but that’s for another time.

This article is looking forward to the window that could see the second Studio model launched. The spark comes from the news that the current Surface Studio machines are sold out. MSPowerUser has the details:

Some evidence that it may be coming sooner rather than later is that all models of the Surface Studio, from the cheapest to the most expensive, are currently sold out at the Microsoft Store.

Microsoft announced the last Surface Studio at a special Windows 10 event on October 2016, and I assume with a raft of new hardware expected, including the long expected and rumoured Surface Phone, it is likely Microsoft will be having another such event, likely to coincide with the release of Windows 10 Redstone 5, to announce the new devices.

It is a bit of a jump to go from ‘out of stock’ in late June to ‘new hardware incoming’ but it’s not that stretching that far. As well as updates and codenamed for new versions of the Surface Pro, a budget version of a Surace tablet, updates to Surface Book, and the almost mythical Surface Phone, there is the small matter of ‘Capitola’ the codename that shows up in Microsoft’s product maps. Zac Bowden has more details:

Obviously, a new Surface Studio would feature updated internals, which would be much appreciated considering the original Surface Studio was made available with rather lackluster specifications for an incredibly steep price. I’m told the Surface Studio 2 will fix this, with improved specifications in the higher-tier models, and perhaps even a lower-cost option for those that can’t afford $3000 out of the gate.

There’s a clear (but short) release pattern that fits, there’s a product on the road-map, and there’s a clear gap in terms of technology and specifications that needs filled.

Your move, Microsoft.

Now read more about the radical ‘not a Surface Phone’ mobile device that Microsoft is working on…